Analysis of the Correlation between the Establishment of Rural Land Share Cooperatives around Shanghai and the Government & Villager Satisfaction - A Case Study of Jinxi Town, Kunshan City

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Abstract: The agricultural land around Shanghai is famous for its huge population and intensive cultivation. With the expansion of the metropolis, a large number of agricultural people have entered the city to work, and rural land has been abandoned(1,2). In 2009, Kunshan City implemented a land transfer system, and 99% of the cultivated land was packaged for large-scale farmers, and initially realized large-scale operation(3). However, the large-scale business model has gradually experienced problems such as predatory management, ecological destruction, and no sense of social responsibility. Through the establishment of agricultural land share cooperatives, Changyun Village took the lead in realizing the collective management of agricultural land, taking shares in the land, giving priority to paying dividends to the land, and paying wages to the farmers working in the cooperative. The peasants' enthusiasm for entering the city has become an important buffer for the migrants to work in Shanghai and surrounding villages(4). It has increased the employment rate. At the same time, it has supplied green agricultural products to the city, passed on agricultural technology, and activated local communities. This article intends to analyze the correlation between several village share cooperative models based on Changyun Village and the large family farm contracting model of more than ten villages, and the satisfaction of villagers, combined with property rights theory, scale economy theory, and accounting cooperatives. Cost-benefit, evaluate the effect of “long cloud-style” collectivization on revitalizing the surrounding villages of metropolises and assess the satisfaction of governments at all levels. Through field interviews and questionnaire surveys, the correlation analysis of village cadres and villagers' satisfaction was conducted. The government is optimistic about the role of the "long cloud model" in grassroots management and improvement of people's livelihood. Even if public finances are required to invest a large amount of money, it is necessary to strengthen the medical and social security of the villagers. The government is also quite satisfied with the Changyun model. At present, the economic benefits of the stock cooperatives have steadily increased. Although the growth rate is not large, the villagers have a strong sense of well-being, and the village's ecological environment has been improved. In the future, the cost of the village will be reduced after the large-scale operation, and the overall economic benefits will be improved. The future research direction will be how to solve the specific problems that plague the cooperative's production and operation, such as low rice prices and lack of high value-added finishing facilities to continue to activate the surrounding areas of the metropolis and improve the satisfaction of the government and villagers. 1. Wu, Fulong, Fangzhu Zhang, and Chris Webster, eds. Rural migrants in urban China: enclaves and transient urbanism. Routledge, 2013. 2. Han, Sun Sheng. "Shanghai between state and market in urban transformation." Urban Studies 37.11 (2000): 2091-2112. 3. Yun, Jin Xiongbing Pu Lijie Luo, and Peng Buzhuo. "LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGE AT COUNTY LEVEL——A CASE STUDY OF KUNSHAN CITY [J]." Soils 3 (2003): 5. 4. Croll, Elisabeth J., and Huang Ping. "Migration for and against agriculture in eight Chinese villages." The China Quarterly 149 (1997): 128-146.
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Shanghai tongji urban planning & design research institute CO.LTD.

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