Floods 2014- Causes and Impacts: A case study of Kashmir Valley

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Abstract Summary
Kashmir valley is a state located in the Hindu Kush range of Himalayan Mountains. It is characterized by beautiful lakes, valleys, glaciers etc. Being a mountainous region, the ecology and environment are sensitive and should play an important role in urban development. Kashmir valley faced widespread floods and landslides due to incessant rainfall and cloudbursts in September 2014. This resulted in localized destruction of property, public infrastructure and severe impact on life, communities, and communication. The problem was magnified in the urban areas and cities. People migrating to the urban areas in search of job opportunities are often tight on budget and settle in the areas with higher exposure to floods and a lack of flood defence mechanism, thus making them vulnerable. With the increase in urban population and migration, those problems are compounded by the effects of defunct infrastructure. Also, emission of anthropogenic waste heat is emitted due to human activities, leading to environmental problems, including climate change. The city of Srinagar faced extensive damage due to haphazard and unplanned urban development leading to encroachment of eco-fragile areas. Flood waters from Jhelum River breached embankments in many low-lying areas in Kashmir, including the capital Srinagar and Tawi River in Jammu forcing people to move to safer places. According to the state, 284 people were reported dead, and property worth INR 5000-6000 crore was damaged. Natural water-bodies and wetlands in Kashmir valley have been encroached and converted into residential and commercial complexes; there has been a change in land use; the open water and wetland areas have been lost to other land use categories which have led to an alteration in the drainage pattern. The paper aims to study the environmental, social and economic impacts of urban flooding on the city and the region of Jammu and Kashmir. The paper would also evaluate, in depth, the urban and social processes which contributed to magnifying the impacts of floods in the city of Srinagar.
Abstract ID :
ISO22
Submission Type
Research Scholar
,
SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE, NEW DELHI
Assistant Professor
,
Jamia Millia Islamia

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