A study of the value and preservation utilization of urban planning heritage

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Abstract Summary
This paper intends to define a concept of urban planning heritage, and distinguish it with related concepts. It tries to provide a theoretical framework for the value evaluation, and takes some famous urban planning heritage as case study to propose some ideas for the preservation and utilization as reference. Heritage is a comprehensive storage system of human knowledge and values. Throughout the history of the development of world urban planning, there are many classic highlights that are worth remembering and inheriting. Urban planning has a long-term impact on human survival and development. Therefore, this paper pay attention to the important urban planning heritage in the history of mankind which has precious historical value and realistic value. It is worthy to combine the current social and economic development, especially urban tourism, public participation, planning education, etc. 1. The Definition of Urban Planning Heritage and the Discrimination of Related Concepts This paper proposes a concept of urban planning heritage, which refers to the historical wealth of urban planning activites that has a significant impact on human urban development or has universal value, including famous urban planning ideas and theories; urban planning blueprints; urban planning laws, regulations and policies; and urban planning agencies, etc. There are several related concepts should been distiguished with urban planning heritage: Cultural heritage: is a precious asset left to humanity by history. From the form of existence, it is divided into material cultural heritage and intangible cultural heritage. Material cultural heritage is a cultural relic with historical, artistic and scientific value; intangible cultural heritage refers to various traditional cultures that exist in non-physical form and are closely related to the life of the masses and are inherited from generation to generation. Built Heritage: is a kind of material cultural heritage shaped by way of construction, which consists of three major parts: architectural heritage, urban heritage and landscape heritage. Built heritage exists as a completion result of the urban planning heritage. 2.Theoretical framework for assessing the value of urban planning heritage The concept of value can be used as a tool to integrate interdisciplinary research in the field of heritage, and to promote heritage conservation from narrowly defined technology preservation to areas encompassing social, cultural, and economic contexts. Based on the above background and motivation, this study focuses on the understanding of urban development history, guiding material and non-material preservation and utilization, and focusing on social and cultural values and economics on the basis of discriminating the concept and classification of urban planning heritage values. It uses questionnaires, factor analysis and other research methods from the perspective of cultural capital, cultural economics, perception, etc., This paper also defines the value composition and characteristics of urban planning heritage. Then the value of urban planning heritage can be defined and measured, and a value evaluation system can be constructed. 3.Typical cases of urban planning heritage and the recommendations for preservation utilization According to the theoretical framework above, this article will take the urban planning of Dadu Yuan (the forerunner of Beijing in Ming and Qing dynasties), the Haussmann's renovation of Paris, the master plan of Chandigarh in India by Le Corbusier, and the Greater London Plan by Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie as examples to explain the main contents of urban planning heritage. Meanwhile, it will give some preservation and utilization suggestions. These recommendations include how to use planning heritage to reflect urban characteristic and enhance the urban identity, how to provide thematic information or exhibitions in tourist facilities and urban public spaces, and how to preserve the urban landscapes (such as central axes, square nodes, landmarks, etc.).
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ISO247
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