Urban Slum Climate Resilience; Proposing Housing Strategies for the KOTAKU Program in Indonesia

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Abstract Summary
The National Slum Upgrading Program for Indonesia (KOTAKU) is a national collaborative platform financed by multiple sources aiming to improve poor basic services for 29 million Indonesians living in urban slums areas. The program’s reach extends to 289 cities across Indonesia to achieve alleviation of urban slums to 0 Ha through real actions of prevention and improvement of the quality of slum area by 38,431 Ha. It also aims to reduce the creation of slums, by building the institutional capacity of local governments and communities and by addressing related land issues. The KOTAKU program has been budgeted as a high priority program in the draft 2017 National Budget (Draft Budget) and in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) from 2015 to 2019. Improved housing through KOTAKU is one of program to reducing social inequalities and strengthen drive towards sustainable urbanisation. However, the approach of climate mitigation and adaptation has not yet been implemented at the policy and action level. This is crucial as urban housing as the concentration of people and economy growth is not only one of the major sources of emissions, but it has been increasingly vulnerable to climate-induced disasters, particularly those sheltering the urban poor. Both mitigation and adaptation measures are therefore needed for the policy and technical implementation for urban poor housing upgrading to encourage low carbon development and improve disaster resilience through KOTAKU program. As urban housing in Indonesia slum area is usually built with low quality and vulnerable to disaster such as floods, it is crucial to propose disaster-resilient strategies for assisting government and vulnerable poor groups in making informed decisions during planning process. The objective of this research is to propose new strategies for policy making and assessment tools in urban housing upgrading of KOTAKU program by combining opinions from research literature and case studies. It aims to improve disaster resilience for mitigating and adapting climate impact. This study identified strategies for housing upgrading to improve climate resilience at policy and technical level including: education, training, and public awareness program; land use and development regulation; sustainable transportation and housing planning, land and property acquisition for green infrastructure; environmental management plan; housing strategy; fiscal policy; housing governance; resilient and flexible design/ construction; sustainable building materials application; and energy efficiency and conservation. These strategies can be used as guidance for policy making, technical application and assessing housing upgrading that vulnerable to climate change by helping stakeholders to systematically consider the benefit such scheme in KOTAKU efforts.
Abstract ID :
ISO326
Submission Type
Associate Professor
,
Dept. of Architecture, Alauddin Islamic University,Indonesia

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