Urban Population Growth and the Growth of Towns and Cities in Indonesia: the challenge of non-statutory town development

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Abstract Summary
Urbanization has offered opportunities for economic development, welfare and quality of life for cities and regions, since the process play roles as transformative processes that bring about higher productivity to cities and strengthen the spatial structure of cities and regions in both internal and external context (UN-Habitat, 2016). Indonesia is a member of a group of countries that have more than a hundred millions of urban population since the early year of the 21st century, with China, India and Japan in Asia(see UN, 2015). These facts show the great challenges in the future of urbanization processes in Indonesia. This article aims at examining urban population growth in Indonesia and its implication to Indonesian urbanization challenges. The analysis emphasizes on the urban population growth and its implications to the growth of towns and cities in Indonesia. The study applies statistical descriptive analysis, with statistical data withdrawn from national censuses. This study reveals the emergence of current characters of Indonesian urbanization process. The process is characterized by not only the development of large cities and mega-urban but also rapid development of many smaller cities and urban concentration. The latter includes the non-statutory towns in the territory of kabupaten. The rapid growth of towns and population, in addition to the huge number of accumulated urban population in kabupaten suggest that this type of urban concentration will play a more significant role in the future of urbanization and urban development in Indonesia. The development of these small towns and cities will also bring significant implications and challenges for central as well as local governments, including the government of the urbanized kabupaten, especially in improving the capacity to manage such emerging characteristics of development. Located in the place where global urbanization grows rapidly, the Indonesian urban population growth and urbanization process become one of the significant processes that should be better understood and managed in order to take benefit from the inevitable process. The approach developed in this study provides insights into the importance of Indonesian urbanization process that has potential to be experienced by other developing countries in the south: the significant number of urban population involved, the spatial concentration of urban growth that remains to be concentrated in the main region, and the small towns and cities, including those the non-statutory, that should be given more serious attention in order to bring better management in their urban development process.
Abstract ID :
ISO337
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Senior Lecturer
,
Universitas Diponegoro
Senior Lecturer
,
Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)
Head of Department Community and Regional Planning AA&M
,
Alabama A&M University

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