Climate Adaptive Smart City

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Abstract Summary
In the beginning of 1990s, approximately 15% of the world's population was living in cities and according to the statistics of the United Nations (UN), the urban population ratio in 2010 was 50.5% (Bai et al.,2005). This was an output of intensive urbanization process all around the world. In this process, the nature (land, water and atmosphere) has been effected dramatically as a consequence of rapid urbanization and other Anthropocene drivers on the natural resources and their services. Anthropocene driven climate change (CC) impacts have been the concern of global and local development policies since 1990s. Some of the impacts of this unavoidable process can be listed like urban heat island effect, floods and social problems as an external impact of rapid urbanization and CC interaction (UN-Habitat,2011). CC related literature identifies two important response areas such as mitigation and adaptation research domains. These research domains may enlighten how smart city and sustainable urbanization should be shaped against to CC adaptation. The smart city (SC) vision has been seeking solutions and methodologies on sustainable urbanization in recent decades. However, there is very limited research in the literature related to the contribution of smart cities to CC adaptive urbanization. Therefore, this paper aims to clarify the components of SC and their interaction with CC adaptation policies. The methodology of the paper will introduce literature base critical assessment of the two components of CC together with SC components (IPCC,2007). In the literature SCs have been defined with four components as land, people, infrastructure and administration (Dameri, 2014) with intelligent urban systems providing or supporting sustainable development. Therefore, this paper intends to integrate the components of SC into the adaptation of CC impacts through spatial planning (Onur and Tezer, 2014). The paper will highlight the results of integration between CC and SC in contextual bases. References 1. Bai, X., Balk, D., Braga,T., Douglas,I.,Elmqvist,T., Rees,W., Satterthwaite, D., Songsore, J., Zlotniki, H. (2005). Urban Areas in Hassan, R., Scholes, R. ve Ash, N., eds,Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Current State and Trends Volume 1, 273 - 293, Island Press, Washington DC, London. 2. Dameri, R.P. (2014). Comparing smart and digital city: initiatives and Strategies in Amsterdam and Genoa. Are they digital and/or smart?. Springer International Publishing. 3. IPCC (2007), Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report, Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R. K. - Reisinger, A. (Eds.), IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland. 4. Onur,A.C.T., Tezer, A.(2014).Ecosystem Services Based Spatial Planning Decision Making for the Adaptation to Climate Change. Habitat International. 47. 267-278. 5. UN-Habitat. (2011). Cities and Climate Change: Global Report on Human Settlements London, Washington.
Abstract ID :
ISO355
Submission Type
Research Assistant
,
Istanbul Technical University
İstanbul Technical University

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