Urban planning agencies: a key support for metropolitan governance

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Abstract Summary
Metropolis and Megapolis are facing huge challenges due to their extreme complexity and their responsibility to drive the economic and social development of countries. Today, more than 50% of urban dwellers are living in metropolitan areas of more than 500,000 inhabitants. The metropolis is the main artifact of the present century. Managing the metropolis is one of the main challenge of today, balancing between citizen representation, efficiency of public service delivery, regulation of land and real estate markets and quality of life. Metropolitan areas are the engine of growth, then high energy consumers. Their responsibility regarding GHS and climate change is huge. The frequent changes in the governance systems to manage territories and public services make difficult to conduct strong and clear policies for development. The necessary intertwin between territories, technical sectors and different levels of administration create high complexity in the management. The power of decision is shared between a lot of actors. Managing metropolitan areas requires collective intelligence support by strong technical bodies to feed the public debates with relevant data, analysis and forecasts. Metropolitan planning agencies are disseminate on large metropolis due to the necessity to prepare policies and strategies on the metropolitan complexity. They are interdisciplinary teams covering social, spatial, economic and environmental fields. Among the main metropolitan planning agencies there are very different status. For example, we consider Seoul Institute which emerge from the academic field, the Paris regional planning agency that is a semi public body dedicated to Paris region and its numerous territoires, Regional Planning Association of New-York which is supported by sponsor-members or Beijing Planning and Design Institute which is a body inside the Municipality. They play an important role as metropolitan observatories. They play an essential role to prepare policies and strategies in different fields as urban planning, climate, energy, housing, land and real estate, mobility, environment, economic development... The new global network of Metropolitan and territorial planning agencies provide support to strengthen these bodies and help metropolitan areas to create their planning agencies.
Abstract ID :
ISO461
Submission Type
Draft presentation :
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Associated Sessions

Manager of International Affairs
,
Institut d'aménagement et urbanisme Ile-de-France

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