Flood resilience planning for Disaster prone Panchayaths. A case of Karumaaloor Panchayath in Ernakulam District,Kerala

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Abstract Summary
Major parts of Kerala in South India experienced one of the worst floods in nearly a century during the monsoons of 2018.More than 400 people lost their lives, one million people were displaced and the extent of damage culminated in rebuilding the State of Kerala.Kerala is one among the best governed states with a very strong local governance network.The floods and the aftermath did prove that people of Kerala could bounce back in no time though could roll back decades of development thus such a disaster could be a threat to the economy and very existence of the community Karumaaloor in Ernakulam district located along the Periyar River the longest river in Kerala is one of the severely affected areas in Ernakulam with 75% of the area inundated during the floods in August 2018.The Hazard Zonation map prepared by Centre for Earth Science studies(CESS) clearly marks this panchayath as falling under flood prone area. Panchayath is an institution of self government in rural areas.This Panchayath has basically a rice based agrarian economy with a proximity to the economic node of neighbouring Aluva and Kochi. The aim of this paper is to explore the issues in such panchayaths and to identify the need and strategies for developing flood resilient communities. The methodology includes a very intensive background study of the panchayath selected as a special case leading to development of a vision and mission and finally a resilient plan for that community.The panchayath has the presence of natural drainage channels,unused and undeveloped land parcels,community cohesion, thus with high potentials of developing a proper resilient framework which includes institutions, systems and infrastructure to combat the vagaries of nature in the coming years.
Abstract ID :
ISO464
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Professor
,
MCAP
Associate Professor
,
College of Engineering Trivandrum

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