Underground areas for future cities

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Abstract Summary
One of the most critical problems in today's cities is environmental degradation. High level of population increase in cities resulted in deplete natural resources, decrease in the level of living standards and cause environmental problems. As a result of the population increase and population-dependent needs, cities are spreading and requiring more land. To prevent uncontrolled growth, sustain infrastructure and services for the population and offer eco-friendly solutions, professionals should develop different approaches. Although not highlighted as an option for urban problems, underground areas might be an essential alternative for the future of urban development. Recent studies show that the effective use of underground areas increases land use efficiency by lessening the pressure and density of urban functions on the surface. Factors like; providing energy saving, increasing functional diversity, protecting the urban landscape, providing shelter against harsh climate, providing necessary land for new uses, play an important role in preferring underground areas for urban development. Montreal, Helsinki, and Tokyo are benchmark cities for underground development with different purposes and solutions. Within this scope, Istanbul is in the beginning phase for urban underground space development. In this paper, it is aimed to evaluate urban underground space development in Istanbul. In this context, Yenikapı - Hacıosman Metro Line which is the most developed metro line in Istanbul connected with different (underground) uses such as commercial centers, exhibition areas, public spaces will be analyzed. After investigating the development process of underground uses in Istanbul, the question of “what might be the role of underground urban spaces in the future development of a mega city like Istanbul” will be answered through the interviews with stakeholders and residents’ perspective.
Abstract ID :
ISO489
Submission Type
Master Student
,
Istanbul Technical University
Istanbul Technical University

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