Climate Change, Mitigation and Adaptation Planning tool (CCMA-Planning). An integrated diagnosis tool for land use planning evaluation

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Abstract Summary
Nowadays, climate change and its impacts on natural and human systems are a major problem for the scientific community. Some international reports, such as the IPCC’s or European Directives, are interested in evaluating how it affects the population, territorial planning and the development of urban areas. However, even though climate change is a global consequence, it can only be tackled at local scale. Only by estimating Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) emissions and carbon sinks at a detail level, as well as local impacts and potential risks, mitigation and adaptation actions can be defined, and therefore, temperature increase may be reduced and climate change impacts minimized. At national level, annual GHG inventories [1] are elaborated as foreseen under the framework regulation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for monitoring and reporting of GHGs emissions and removals, as well as other information relevant to climate change. However, actions related to land and urban planning, as well as the evaluation of its impacts, need to be taken at a more detailed level. On the other hand, tools that support the estimation of GHGs emissions in the form of calculators or simple software have been elaborated [2]. Even though these tools are user-friendly and useful, they are focused on a specific sector or land use type (e.g. agriculture), without covering all possible GHGs emissions sources and sinks as a whole. In addition, other tools that estimate CO2 emissions associated to urban planning do not include Geographical Information Systems (GIS) [3], which are essential to guide the land planning [4]. To evaluate land use and its emissions level, CCMA-Planning tool has been developed. The tool’s main objective is to perform a CO2 emissions and removals diagnosis of a municipality. The tool is based on two modules: the first for the baseline diagnosis and the second for a planning evaluation. This CO2 emissions and removals evaluation is performed at a detailed level based on open data from public sources, including geographical information. Once the baseline is evaluated, the tool analyses the municipality planning, assessing the impact in CO2 emissions of the land uses proposed and locating it geographically, thus given tools for a predictive analysis of the local and regional policies. In addition, the user could change the municipality planning in order to reduce the emissions level contributing to a low carbon economy generating different local and regional planning proposals. The tool is being tested in one Spanish municipality (Olmedo, Valladolid, Spain) in order to determine its CO2 emissions baseline and how the actual planning has an influence on them. After that, an alternative planning will be evaluated. The preliminary results showed that urban planning policies need to be changed by increasing CO2 sinks and decreasing emission areas in order to improve the balance and the municipality’s resilience to climate change. This is relevant for validating and adding value to the role of this diagnosis tool in land use planning at different scales. // [1] Reporting obligation for: Greenhouse gas inventories (UNFCC). [online] https://rod.eionet.europa.eu/obligations/102 (accessed: March 2019). [2] Ministry for Ecological Transition, Spanish Government. CO2 Calculators. [online] https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/cambio-climatico/temas/mitigacion-politicas-y-medidas/calculadoras.aspx (accessed: March 2019). [3] Generalitat de Catalunya. Tool for estimation of CO2 emissions associated with urban planning. Spain, 2018. [online] http://mediambient.gencat.cat/es/05_ambits_dactuacio/avaluacio_ambiental/eines_documentacio_tecnica/eines/poum/ (accessed: March 2019). [4] Yao, J., Zhang, X. and Murray, A.T. Spatial Optimization for Land-use Allocation: Accounting for Sustainability Concerns. Journal International Regional Science Review (IRSR). Volume 41 Issue 6, November 2018.
Abstract ID :
ISO551
Submission Type
Architect / Researcher
,
CARTIF Technology Centre
Researcher
,
CARTIF Technology Centre, Energy Division, Valladolid (Spain)
Researcher
,
CARTIF Technology Centre, Energy Division, Valladolid (Spain)
Researcher
,
CARTIF Technology Centre, Energy Division, Valladolid (Spain)
Architect / Researcher
,
Fundación CARTIF

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