How to Plan in a Volcano-related Disaster Prone Area? Lesson Learned from Adaptive Spatial Planning in Dieng Plateau, Central Java

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Abstract Summary
Located in the Asia Pacific’s Ring of Fire as well as has one of the longest shorelines in the world, Indonesia is prone to various kind of disasters. Over the past few years, Indonesia has made headlines around the world due to devastating natural disasters that resulted in environmental damage and thousands of casualties. One of the area that has multiple disaster risks is Dieng Plateau in Central Java. The infamous geopark is prone to at least from landslides, toxic gases, and earthquakes. Based on the data from Local Agency for Disaster Management, the area has a medium risk for landslides, with an average occurence of four to six times each year. It also sits in the I, II, and III levels of earthquake. The deadliest disaster in Dieng Plateau is CO2 toxic gases-with Sinila, Timbang, and Candradimuka Craters are actively emit the toxic gases sometimes. In 2011 and 2013, more than 5.000 residents were evacuated and 20 hectares of agriculture land damaged due to CO2 toxic gases from Timbang and Kalisat craters and landslides. In 2018, Sileri Crater located in Dieng Volcano area was suddenly erupting phreatic. Batur is one of the sub-districts in Dieng Plateau that is planned to be an urban area currently consists of 3 villages: Batur, Sumberejo, and Pesurenan. Served as the commercial center to support tourism activity in the region, a specific approach needs to be taken to develop the area more carefully. Under the ‘Detailed Spatial Plan of Batur Urban Area’ project, the consultant introduces adaptive planning for disasters by optimizing land-use in disaster-prone areas. The benefit of this study is expected to be a lesson-learned for stakeholders to promote resilient development. The result obtained from this project is an adaptive spatial planning that is tailored to the region's disaster risk profile and aimed at achieving a higher standard of living.
Abstract ID :
ISO613
Submission Type
Vice Secretary General of CPD
,
Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP)

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