Future Urban Mobility Development Framework to Maximize Benefits of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Penetration in ASEAN Countries

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Abstract Summary
Recently several ASEAN countries have come up with strategies for low‑carbon emission mobility with decreasing oil import dependency became one of its main objectives. To reach this, the strategies emphasize among others on the importance of removing obstacles to electrification of transport herewith promoting market development of the different road plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) especially cars, powered-two-wheelers (P2Ws) and light-duty vehicles (LDVs) or vans. Among the barriers for PEV penetration are the availability of the chargers, the required charging time and the distance range of the electric vehicles that at the first glance shall reduce the driving mileage. On the other hand, generalized costs of trips using electric vehicles are getting more and more competitive compared to the internal combustion vehicles’ trips which might stimulate an opposite effect to the vehicle mileage. To complicate the issue, there are also some concerns on the impacts of PEV penetration namely, how to ensure that electricity used to feed the vehicles would be produced mostly from renewable energy sources in order to lower carbon emissions and how to ensure that the additional electricity demand would not put additional stress on the electricity grid systems in the urban areas. The latter would need charging management that would change the mobility pattern. This paper aims at elaborating a framework of future urban mobility development in the ASEAN countries that shall maximize the benefits of PEV penetration. We would start the discussion by introducing the current policies in the Asian and ASEAN countries especially China, Thailand and Malaysia which have been implemented to promote PEV penetration, their targets as well as their current progress of PEV deployment both in term of vehicles and the charging infrastructures. In the second part, we gather and make a synthesis of several studies from different urban regions in the world on the effects of electric vehicle penetration on the mobility pattern, considering the limited driving range of the vehicles, the time required to charge them and the development of the generalized costs. In the third part, we present the different charging management schemes that allow ensuring the attainment of PEV deployment objectives especially in term of carbon emission reduction without risking the urban electricity grid systems. In the third part, we elaborate the possible effects of these schemes, especially those controlled or smart charging schemes that aim at maximizing the use of renewable energy-based electricity, e.g. daytime solar energy-based charging, to urban mobility pattern. Finally considering the current situation of ASEAN countries’ urban areas, e.g. rapid urban sprawl, relatively high level of congestion, strong increasing dependency to cars and to powered-two wheelers, the availability of public transport services, etc., we make a synthesis of recommendations for the development of urban areas in the ASEAN countries especially in the mobility aspect that shall maximize benefits of PEV penetration. Several studies have dealt with the effect of EV penetration in the situation where charging is uncontrolled. The added-value of this paper would be in the inclusion of the possible effects of the different charging schemes including uncontrolled and controlled or smart schemes on the mobility pattern.
Abstract ID :
ISO635
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Associated Sessions

Energy Economist
,
Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia
Research Associate
,
Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia

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