Exploring the role of human mobility in planning for balance

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Abstract Summary
Paradoxically the states of India which are least urbanized, under-developed and highly populated decides the polity of the nation and hence governance at core. Policy for development or urbanization in these parts of nation are not unpretentious but imminently intertwined with social justice, inclusivity and plurality would take different course in these states. Sluggish stride of urbanization in eastern states of India is a reason for concern for policy maker and government, as eastern parts affects the overall urbanization rate of the nation where urbanization connotes development in developing nations of the world. Social, cultural and political demarcation mosaic of these states are finer than it appears geographically. Many of these states like Jharkhand, West-Bengal, Odisha are mineral rich but again ironically, are least performing at socio-economic parameters resulting high distress out-migration consequently. This distress is carried to the nearest metropolitan cities leading congestion and contestation. 100 SMART cities, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) and 300 Rurban clusters under Shyama Prasad Mukharjee Rurban mission are some of the government schemes identified and realized to encounter same congestion and contestation in metropolitan regions and halt the distressed migration and its reasons. The design of the study is delineated to the extra- metropolitan region in periphery of 500 kms to the Kolkata metropolitan area in the prospect of proposed SMART city, two-tier towns and Rurban clusters as push and pull mechanism. The study examines the significance of SMART cities, Rurban clusters as stepping stones for sustaining the balance of human flow and terminating the distress in human mobility phenomenon in Indian context. The study argues to examine the issue of (collapse) population pressure metropolitan cities not in isolation but along with the broad region it impacts and vice versa. Proximity and distance from source to destination plays major role in human mobility phenomenon. The study further investigates the different human mobility forms in the eastern part of India, region around the Kolkata metropolitan area and recognizes how the migration pattern is changing from long term to short term and socio-economic factors controlling the phenomenon of human mobility post liberalization era. Census of India data 2001 and 2011 for capturing demography and urbanization, National Sample Survey data followed by personal interviews and primary data used to analyze the region surrounding Kolkata metropolitan area as the ultimate destination. The study would help planners and policy makers to identify the alternate potential growth centers in the regional setting for counteracting the imbalance in the region.
Abstract ID :
ISO641
Submission Type
Research Scholar
,
National Institute of Technology Rourkela
Head of Department, Department of Planning and Architecture
,
National Institute of Technology Rourkela

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