Climate Change Governance and Climate Resilience: The Role of Local Authorities in Sirajganj Town

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Abstract Summary
This paper attempts to identify ways of making the town of Sirajganj, a river bank district town in Bangladesh, resilient to the impacts of climate change, with specific focus on Climate Change impacts on Town/City Development issues and initiatives taken by the authority and Identification of governance issues and it’s adaptation for climate resilience. The north-western city Sirajganj is selected for this research in vision with the development of climate adaptive actions. In this research at first the conceptual framework was developed and the research design was conducted. After that the sampling design and sample size was determined by the statistical tools. In the data collection level the data were collected through two ways and these are primary data collection and secondary data source. After that a questionnaire was developed to conduct the survey. To identify the degree of livelihood vulnerability of people the approaches, namely the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used based on the study of Hahn et al. (2009) and Can et al. (2013). In this study fifteen major components and forty one subcomponents were classified under five capitals (human, natural, financial, social and physical) as well as exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Some stakeholders were selected from different institutions and organizations. The selection process of stakeholders was on the basis of their potentiality to develop climate resilience actions at the community, city and policy level, supporting capacity that is essential to implement resilience actions at community and city. As per their valuable opinions five fragile urban systems are identified those are impacted and in risks of climate change. These show how resilience to disasters is being conceived and addressed by local governments, especially with regard to changes in their institutional framework and engagement with communities and other stakeholders, also in mobilizing finance, undertaking multi-hazard risk assessments, upgrading informal settlements, adjusting urban planning and implementing building codes. This paper presents a framework for multilevel governance, showing that advancing governance of climate change across all levels of government and relevant stakeholders is crucial to avoid policy gaps between local action plans and national policy frameworks (vertical integration) and to encourage cross-scale learning between relevant departments or institutions in local and regional governments (horizontal dimension). Finally, some resilience actions are also identified with the stakeholders that stated in the conclusion and recommendations section.
Abstract ID :
ISO687
Submission Type
Town Planner
,
Narsingdi Municipality at Local Government Division

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