Papers

Tractebel has developed the 360° city scan, a holistic methodology to assess cities and guide them according to their needs and priorities. Scans have already been deployed in more than 40 cities worldwide. Based on this scan, we offer integrated approaches to our clients, tailormade solutions leveraging on our urban engineering expertise. The per...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Cities face an unprecedented urbanization pressure, which led cities of the Global South to building infrastructure hurriedly, compromising on their natural ecosystems, cultural distinctiveness, human scale, wellbeing and liveability. As a result, many cities in developing countries are charac¬terized by overcrowded, poor quality and insufficient ...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceSession Proposal

The delta land Bangladesh has a unique coastline where numerous rivers meet the Bay of Bengal, creates a complex net of tidal river estuaries, forming the base for world’s largest mangrove forest the Sundarbans. A large part of coastline, the south western coastal part of Bangladesh is covered by the Sundarbans, which acts as a buffer between the...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Climate change has been defined as observed variations of average climatic conditions on a specific time period (decade, year, etc). Since the industrial revolution, external impacts of Anthropocene activities have been accelerating the climate change process with the accumulation of greenhouse gasses on the atmosphere. Direct results of this proce...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

This study deals with ‘displacement’, ‘resettlement’ and ‘resistance’ alongside the Ciliwung River by covering forced evictions in the city of Jakarta between 2013-2016 due to the realization of the Jakarta Urgent Flood Mitigation Project (JUFMP) and exploring the emergence of social movements in the affected communities. It positions i...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Indonesia’s geographical position was crossed by the world’s active fault lines which are prone to earthquake. Physically and non physically was affected by earthquake. Growing trend of disaster was induced displacement to reduce risk by relocation, adaptation and protection were means mitigation. High risk of earthquake disasters area was iden...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

Creation of “Sustainable Cities and Communities” is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that make up the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The roadmap for achieving sustainable cities integrates the principles of sustainable urban forms and their underlying economic principles along with the social and en...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

The strain and pressure on the global city infrastructure can be efficiently relieved by allowing this infrastructure to step “onto” the water and thus break this ever existing barrier. Apart from the fact that by doing so we manage to create new and attractive public space in the environment which is usually scarcely utilized, floating archite...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Kashmir valley is a state located in the Hindu Kush range of Himalayan Mountains. It is characterized by beautiful lakes, valleys, glaciers etc. Being a mountainous region, the ecology and environment are sensitive and should play an important role in urban development. Kashmir valley faced widespread floods and landslides due to incessant rainfall...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

Urbanisation and population explosion are responsible for changes occurring in major urban centres of the world. Developing countries in Africa, such as Nigeria experience rapid trends whereby high rate of population increase derive from rural migration into cities, and lead to increased spatial requirement for various human activities, which exert...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

This paper aims to identify and discuss major issues regarding urban climate resilience in urban areas in Vietnam, through an investigation on the Can Tho and Da Nang, two medium-size cities located in the Southwest and Centre regions of the country. It starts with a short introduction on the concept and framework of urban resilience and a quick in...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

In 2021, Dordrecht, the oldest city in the Netherlands, will be commemorating the 600th anniversary of the St. Elizabeth flood. This disaster flood event inundated the entire Dordrecht and separated the city from Geertruidenberg. After the flood Dordrecht was left with only the old city center and the city had to reclaim their land. To date Dordrec...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Poverty and climate change considered a global problem. Meanwhile, adaptation to climate change and poverty reduction are context-specific and vary per case. The urban poor is vulnerable to flooding, especially flash floods because most of them live in flood-prone riverbanks. they are also prone to disasters and diseases outbreak. On the other hand...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Like many cities in the region, Semarang faces mounting challenges related to climate change and rapid urbanization. In the past decade, Semarang has been engaging in a range of national and international networks to promote resiliency – from community programs to large scale infrastructure. This attention and engagement from local and global net...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

Kerala A small state of India holds its natural heritage due to the presence of the Western Ghats, and in that beautiful mountain ranges lies one of the ancient temple, Sabarimala. Here the journey of the pilgrim in considered as his quest in search of moral or the spiritual significance. But the entry of women is prohibited in this temple since th...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Since the twentieth Century,global urbanization process is constantly accelerating,while the landscape pattern dominated by vegetation was gradually replaced by the landscape pattern dominated by artificial buildings.The change of climate and temperature caused by the expansion of urban construction land and the population aggregation,has aroused w...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

We propose a perspective that the restoration of some urban elements and systems in the past —instead of following practices from others from which considered as more advanced cities—could be an alternative for the planning of a city to achieve urban resilience. This perspective is developed from a lesson learned from the urban agriculture of J...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

SPATIAL PLANNING AND DESIGN FOR FOOD SECURITY. Food is vital for human survival. Food has had a significant impact on our built environment since the beginning of human life. The process of feeding oneself was most people’s primary job for the greater part of human history. Urban Migration moved people away from rural and natural landscapes on wh...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Climate change and global warming are predicted to affect the community's life in the coastal area and small islands around the world. Indonesia as one of them is an archipelagos country with a large number of islands that is 17.504 islands, 16.056 among them have had name, while 1.448 islands do not have yet, thus the sustainable development of th...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

Indonesia has many potentials for renewable energy from its natural resources. Previously, the national energy mix consisted of 30% coal, 25% oil, 23% renewable energy, and 22% natural gas (GoI Regulation No. 74/2014). Currently, the percentage of renewable energy in Indonesia is only 6.2%, thus the national government is promoting more renewable e...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

“Within 50 years the entire world will be urbanised. We have one half century left to get urbanisation right” (McArthy, 2016). Urban functions are no longer separated spatially or socially, and the contest between diverse land-uses is reaching a peak due to growing populations and increasing urbanization that inflates the pressure on already st...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Urban technical services are critical infrastructures that can be vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Their smooth operation therefore represents a major challenge for risk management and resilient territories. This research postulates that the analysis of the resilience of technical services is a prerequisite for the implementatio...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

In this era of climate change and rapid urbanization, it is important to understand the metabolism of the regional system to achieve socio-economic resilience. The concept of socio-economic resilience of the region is used to refer the capacity of systems of the region to absorb or adapt shock and vulnerabilities. Broadly, the overall socio-economi...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Many cities in Indonesia are located in hazard prone areas. Each year when disaster strikes in cities especially in high density areas, It often comes as a surprise. It is as if that planning and especially spatial plans drawn for these cities or for its surrounding regions do not protect its residents. While plans do not claim to be fully protecti...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

The events related to climate change are challenging the Slovenian urban planning more and more. One of them are the floods in urbanized areas that call for a radically new approaches to how the cities' built structure is organised and managed. The continental (and largest) part of Slovenia has a sub-alpine climate which has been traditionally char...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

It is generally acknowledged that poor people in the Global South are highly vulnerable due to global as well as regional climate changes. From the existing literatures, based on India, it is notice that often the studies regarding climate change impacts are model-based estimation of climate change vulnerability. However, these model-based approach...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

At this year’s World Planning Congress in Jakarta, ISOCARP continues with its’ interactive Cool Planner Session, tackling the challenges, the thrills and the responsibilities planning profession faces in the context of climate change. The upcoming Cool Planner Session focuses on South East Asia, and examines the profile and the design skills Co...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceSession Proposal

This paper explores historic institutional responses to flooding and the influences of such planning policies on the spatial development of Jakarta within the context of pressures from severe flooding and rapid urban development set against a background of significant recent institutional change from the national to the local level in recent years....

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

As cities have become more central to development, risk assessment and prevention instruments have gained greater importance in urban planning considerations. By using the case study of Mexico City’s Climate Action Programme, this piece of work contests the way in which resilience has been embedded in urban adaptation planning. Grounded on a plan...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Indonesia has high rainfall and intensity, and has a land configuration that is bumpy, hilly and mountainous which has sensitivity and the potential for water systems balance disturbances such as flooding and erosion. The flooding that arises is inseparable from the main function of the river which should be able to hold water, but due to the exces...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

A number of cities, especially in the developing world, have been largely exposed to multiple hazards such as coastal erosion, sea-level rise, landslides, land subsidence, and flooding. Evidence indicates that climate-related hazards can significantly damage urban infrastructures, deteriorate the quality of public health, and lead to the loss of pe...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, looks no better than a piece of hardscape from aerial view which justifies the swelling concern of replacing green areas with built-up areas to fulfill the demand of briskly growing urban population. Increasing air temperature, changing rainfall pattern and ‘unhealthy’ air bears the proof of Dhaka city being an...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, suffered decades from traffic congestion which is mainly caused by a rocketed number of private vehicles and inadequate public transportation. The Metropolitan with more than 9.6 million inhabitants plans on enhancing its mass urban transportation mode, e.g., Mass-Rapid Transit (MRT) and Light-Rail Transit (L...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

Localizing the SDGs means realizing the aspiration of each goal to communities and individuals, mainly to those who are at risk of falling behind. Therefore, the engagement of local communities becomes one of the transformational change drivers in implementing the SDGs. Indonesia performance on SDGs has shown a stagnant trend. Five goals are noted ...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

According to the literature review, spatial planning is understood across countries and continents in many different ways. Different types of spatial planning systems largely diverge and have evolved with societies, cultures and their governance systems. Comparative analysis on spatial planning systems typically address the European countries and d...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

The paper aims to assess the quality of life of residents in slum rehabilitation housing located near a railway station in Mumbai India. Mumbai is the fourth largest megacity and first among Indian cities with over 41.3% of its population living in slums which are identified as vulnerable by the city government. Over 50% of the population in the ci...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

How can planning assist cities to transit from natural resources consumer and waste producers that impact the environment, into natural spaces that enables ecological processes that support life, sustains flora and fauna, enhance biodiversity, and promote sustainable development values? This paper argues this can be done through comprehensive plann...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

Resilience has been an approach contested in the context of lower income earning urban areas. The residential neighbourhood of Ashbury, Heidedal has experienced several changes to its urban form due to climate change. Low-income urban areas suffer most at the mercy of unpredictable climatic changes. Social justice has come under severe scrutiny due...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

The Indian state of Kerala witnessed one of the worst floods in nearly a century in August 2018. More than 400 lives were lost and more than a million persons had to move to relief camps. The government and the Civic society together overcame the disaster with great effort. The disaster management plans in place required a revisit and a rethink. A ...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

The study of the relationship between the supply, demand and consumption of ecosystem services in a certain region and their relationship with the spatial pattern can provide decision-making assistance for the overall urban ecosystem management and the rational and effective allocation of resources. As an international metropolis, Beijing, the capi...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

The Padma is a major river in Bangladesh. It is the main distributary of the Ganges, generally flowing southeast for 120 kilometers to its confluence with the Meghna River near the Bay of Bengal. Rajshahi city is located on the banks of the river Padma. It is the third largest city in Bangladesh and has a beautifully decorated embankment of Padma. ...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

With the population evolution and the shortage of land in the internal cities, the average building height is increasing. Splitting living or working spaces from the ground and moving them in height as a solution for the scarcity of land in the mega cities; but it also splits people from nature and ground. As a result for the separation from enviro...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

With the increasing climate change, the contradiction between the fragile hydrogeological conditions and the rapid urbanization process in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area becomes much more prominent. As the result, the urban security is facing the severe challenge of natural disasters, such as sea level rise, frequent storm surges an...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

The frequency and intensity of extreme weather caused by global climate change increase rapidly, and the urban rainstorm disaster is increasingly frequent, and the scale of urban disaster is gradually expanded. In people's property and life safety increasingly threatened today, urban design has not only confined to the urban space shape, also gradu...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

Jakarta is today the centre of one of the largest and most populated human agglomerations in the world, and the economic and political centre of one of the largest economies. However, Jakarta is also considered a “mega city gone wrong”, because of its ongoing challenges. The city faces serious issues in pollution, social inequity, mobility and ...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

The Vietnam Oregon Initiative is a formalized network working to promote sustainable development across cultures, sectors and expertise. Building on Vietnam's recent climate initiatives to promote investment in renewables and greener economy (transition of green economy) and the State of Oregon’s Climate Agenda is a chance to strengthen this netw...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

In the beginning of 1990s, approximately 15% of the world's population was living in cities and according to the statistics of the United Nations (UN), the urban population ratio in 2010 was 50.5% (Bai et al.,2005). This was an output of intensive urbanization process all around the world. In this process, the nature (land, water and atmosphere) ha...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

Nowadays, climate change and its impacts on natural and human systems are a major problem for the scientific community. Some international reports, such as the IPCC’s or European Directives, are interested in evaluating how it affects the population, territorial planning and the development of urban areas. However, even though climate change is a...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

With an increase in urbanization and climate change, occurrences of disasters are becoming more frequent; thus contributing to population and building damages. India has the second highest population in the world, and fewer resources to cope up; making the country exposed to disasters (World Bank, 2018). Guwahati, the gateway to north-east Indian s...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Economic development in Indonesia has created a negative impact on natural resources and the environment because it is more concerned with economic aspects, without considering social and environmental aspects. The Paris Agreement central aim is to keep a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius and to drive efforts to limi...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Urban rivers are very crucial for any city and often have to bear the burden of pollution and various other discharges from its catchment area. There are many such waste streams which flow into urban rivers, out of which one is that of sacred waste. It is the waste generated out of worship or puja offerings, mostly from Hindu ritual practices. In H...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

Major parts of Kerala in South India experienced one of the worst floods in nearly a century during the monsoons of 2018.More than 400 people lost their lives, one million people were displaced and the extent of damage culminated in rebuilding the State of Kerala.Kerala is one among the best governed states with a very strong local governance netwo...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

World has seen an increased gathering of its population in urban areas, since 1990. As the urban population increases, the land area occupied by cities has increased at an even higher rate. A global sample of 120 cities observed between 1990 and the year 2000, shows that while the population grew at a rate of 17 per cent on average, the built-up ar...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Located in the Asia Pacific’s Ring of Fire as well as has one of the longest shorelines in the world, Indonesia is prone to various kind of disasters. Over the past few years, Indonesia has made headlines around the world due to devastating natural disasters that resulted in environmental damage and thousands of casualties. One of the area that h...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceCase Study/Research Project

The notion of resilience is gaining increasing prominence across a diverse set of literatures on cities and climate change. However climate resilience must be bundled with efforts to promote urban development.The Qatar National Master Plan (QNMP) continues to promote sound land use planning and express the state interest in the sustainable developm...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

The City of Rotterdam is an important port and economic hub in The Netherlands. Since the great North Sea flood of 1953 the South of Holland strengthened their flood defense systems through the Delta Works Project. The comprehensive Delta Works Project included the strengthening of dikes in Holandsche Ijssel and followed it with other structural me...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

Evolution of a city into a megacity, which can happen organically and without integrated planning, will transform many aspects to another state, e.g human mobility pattern (Gkania et al., 2019), human-urban animal relation (Kumar et al., 2019), and people health (Jowell et al., 2019). Addressing the mobility pattern, different size of developing ci...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

Food is a basic necessity for people throughout the world, the issue of food is a global world issue reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), namely in the first objective of "Ending hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture". This shows that poverty and hunger is one of the world's pr...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

In recent years, global climate change had brought severe test to the living environment development. As the concentration of industry and residence, the city both responsible for climate change, but also slow down the crisis. In China, face the dual pressures of development and emission reduction, state and local authorities were attaching importa...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

The development of coastal cities is faced with great challenges because of the increasing uncertainties and unpredictable risks. As the coastal portal connecting Dongguan with Pearl River Delta and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Great Bay Area,the Binhai Bay New Area in Dongguan is abundant in various resources and favorable opportunities. Neverth...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

In 2018, the Netherlands Enterprise Agency kicked off Water as Leverage, a program aiming to bring water-based solutions to address climate and urban risk in three Southeast Asian cities: Chennai, Khulna, and Semarang. The ‘ONE Resilient Semarang’ team - a group of designers, engineers, economists, ecologists, art activists, and academics - was...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceSession Proposal

Experience over the last decade has demonstrated a gradual rise in global temperatures, which coupled with the unpredictable precipitation patterns (rainfall & Snow/ glacial melt are considered as important hydrologic process in the Himalayan basins), are expected to seriously affect the melt characteristics and further increase pressure on availab...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceFull Paper

The sprawl of urban boundary, heavy traffic congestion and environment issues are the consequence of rapid urbanising in the cities. A high level of land use mix is one of a strategy of smart growth, new urbanism and transit orient development theories to achieve a balance between urban land use form and active travel trips in the cities with a hig...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

Though it is true that China has experienced an astonishing transformation in its economy over the past three decades, the increasingly severe water scarcity is seriously undermining the socio-economic development and the sustainability of this country. In response to the issue and other environmental concerns, the city have been chosen one of seve...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

The National Slum Upgrading Program for Indonesia (KOTAKU) is a national collaborative platform financed by multiple sources aiming to improve poor basic services for 29 million Indonesians living in urban slums areas. The program’s reach extends to 289 cities across Indonesia to achieve alleviation of urban slums to 0 Ha through real actions of ...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resiliencePaper

Water as Leverage, a flagship project headed up by Henk Ovink, the Dutch Special Envoy for International Water Affairs, challenged teams from across the globe to develop bankable, implementable, and water-centric solutions to urban and climate challenges in three cities across Southeast Asia: Khulna, Chennai, and Semarang. In this group panel discu...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceSession Proposal