Papers

Tractebel has developed the 360° city scan, a holistic methodology to assess cities and guide them according to their needs and priorities. Scans have already been deployed in more than 40 cities worldwide. Based on this scan, we offer integrated approaches to our clients, tailormade solutions leveraging on our urban engineering expertise. The per...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Semarang-Surabaya corridor is the backbone for economic growth of Central Java and East Java. This corridor also plays a role in national economic growth. Semarang-Surabaya corridor development is expected to create positive externalities, such as creating spillovers in urban areas along the corridor. The spillovers in an urban area along the corri...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

RRegional Integration of Yangtze Delta, China has been a heated topic since the 21st century, when the communication by the local government or public becomes ever more intense. The meeting of primary leaders in Yangtze Delta was held every year since 2005. By contrast, the cross-boundary coordinating issues shows little progress. For example, Jing...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

Urban vulnerability refers to the ability of a city to resist internal and external natural and human factors. With global environmental changes and urbanization continuing at pace, the urban planning and development strategies of cities, especially megacities, are facing comprehensive and unprecedented issues. This paper takes Shanghai, one of the...

5: Smart futures and sustainability: planning for innovationDraft Presentation

The decentralization of employment to suburb has created numerous new attractive sub-centers, where residential and economic activities were mixed together. This process, termed as post-suburbanization, could be found globally with some variation between countries. The emergence of post-suburbanization and its polycentric spatial structure has been...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

In less than a few decades Qatar – a country in the middle of the Arabian Peninsula – has grown from a fishing and pearl hunting nation into the most affluent economy with the highest GDP per capita in the world. The population increased from just over a hundred thousand in the 70s to around 2.5 million currently. These major changes had to be ...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

As an important role of regional cohesion and functional complementarity in the integrated development of the Yangtze river delta and the development of the Shanghai metropolitan area, the rural area is an important part of boosting the overall construction of the metropolitan area. At present, the research on rural revitalization mainly focuses on...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

Coastal areas are globally under pressure during the last centuries. It often results in land use conflicts which are affected by the diverse composition of stakeholders and interest as well as lack of governance. Our study from Patimban Indonesia explores the influencing factors of large scale land transformation for seaport development resulting ...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

Most of the cities in the world are witnessing tremendous changes in their urban landscape, over the last half-century. Under the modern planning regime, the spatial layout organization of a city is very much dictated by the ease of motorized movement priority, in order to cope with increased travel demands as a result of the pressing growth of the...

4: Knowledge economies and identity: planning for cultureDraft Presentation

This exploratory study examines how campus planning and its spaces affect the food security of students. The study is conducted on the campus of the University of the Free State in South Africa and uses a mixed methods approach which includes an online survey, qualitative interviews and a site inspections. The data is used to determine the state of...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Supply side structural reform aims to adjust the economic structure, promote industrial restructuring and optimization, to achieve the optimal allocation of resources. Eliminating excess capacity and improving effective supply are two important vehicles for maintaining the medium-high economic development under the new normal economy. At present, t...

5: Smart futures and sustainability: planning for innovationDraft Presentation

The study uses the case of the German city Schwerin and its surroundings to analyse current challenges, conflicts and approaches to solutions regarding an integrative urban-rural development. The focus is on the question in how far solutions for conflicts between city, surroundings, and rural areas can be just. Additionally, the project discusses h...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

Metro-Urban expansion is challenging world development. Only 3 cities in world history have been one million-plus inhabitants. Now we have 500. These Metro-Cities produce 75% of world GDP. Many are expanding at a 5% annual rate. They double their size every 14 years. Lack of a methodology for expansion is producing an uncontrolled pattern, jeopardi...

1: Limitless cities and urban futures: planning for scaleDraft Presentation

Under the global trends of urbanisation, rural development has posed a global challenge. As the Chinese government has continued to take invested in its rural areas, the Chinese urban and regional planners have also been presented with a series of questions: How to avoid the withering of rural communities due to urbanisation? How to build rural bra...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

The development of coastal cities is faced with great challenges because of the increasing uncertainties and unpredictable risks. As the coastal portal connecting Dongguan with Pearl River Delta and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Great Bay Area,the Binhai Bay New Area in Dongguan is abundant in various resources and favorable opportunities. Neverth...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

There has been a global issue facing the rural, from Italy, USA, to now SEAsia, that has left them behind their rapidly expanding urban centers. Within South East Asia a new model is emerging. In key rural areas, new infrastructures are being leveraged to allow for new opportunities for countryside places within the larger constellation networks of...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

In today's China, with the gradual slowdown of urbanization process, the mode of urban development is gradually changing from the construction of new cities to the improvement of the function of old cities. Among the various projects reconstructed in old cities, the design of the living circle is to solve the unbalanced planning of urban developmen...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Based on socio-economic changes of cities and emerging new types of urban public spaces in 21th century, urban design as an interdisciplinary science which concentrates on public domain needs to introduce new lens to analyze and improve quality of contemporary urban spaces. In new literature of urban design creativity has been introduced as a key a...

4: Knowledge economies and identity: planning for cultureDraft Presentation

In Ireland rejuvenated town clusters gather together interactive settlements in a rapidly emerging metropolitan alternative to either the city or the rural lifestyle. A similar trend is observable in many countries where quality of life in a settlement of smaller scale can exceed that in the city. The concept of nucleated settlement has made planni...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

In this digital and information age, there is a rising assumption that planning will change dramatically. At the same time, there is a wittnenessed increase of the potential role of media in urban research and practice, and there are many demands for democratic and communicative planning practices. In Egypt, urban planning is still centralized, lar...

5: Smart futures and sustainability: planning for innovationDraft Presentation

In recent years, the acceleration of urbanization leads to the serious hardening of the underlying surface in cities that are located in China and the waterlogging caused by the hardening damages the development of those cities. According to the Chinese Ministry of civil affairs < 2016 National Natural Disaster Situation>, the statistics show that:...

5: Smart futures and sustainability: planning for innovationDraft Presentation

Obesity is becoming a global health problem. With the living standards of residents have improved rapidly in China, the problem of obesity becomes a serious threat to people’s health. Although obesity effected by many factors, the role of the built environment in relation to obesity among population should be taken into consideration. This paper ...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Considerable researches have been undertaken on sense of place over the years. Researches on sense of place have been examined in relation to different categories of people such as older adults, migrants and refugees, ethnic groups and many of researches these have focused majorly on the adults, and relatively limited attention has been paid to chi...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Although there is substantial literature on the implementation of integrated water resources management and multilevel governance of water, less attention is given on how and why cultural values contribute to the integration level of its implementation. Thus, this paper examines cultural ecological knowledge impacts on current water management prac...

4: Knowledge economies and identity: planning for cultureDraft Presentation

Defining the RUrban – taking a case of Hyderabad Large parts of rural areas in India are not stand-alone settlements but part of a cluster of settlements, which are relatively proximate to each other. These clusters typically illustrate potential for growth, have economic drivers and derive locational and competitive advantages. Hence, making a c...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

This paper explores historic institutional responses to flooding and the influences of such planning policies on the spatial development of Jakarta within the context of pressures from severe flooding and rapid urban development set against a background of significant recent institutional change from the national to the local level in recent years....

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Land planning governance is considered as a deliberate attempt to solve the complex nature of land planning. Connective capacity as the capacities of domains and institutions to combine various values, cross boundaries and establish linkage, is found as one of the main aspects of the land planning governance. However, existing researches have mainl...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

The paper explores the informal approaches adopted by the Kalyani municipality in the state of West Bengal (India) to challenge the unconstitutional limiting of its powers by the state government using a voluntary sanitation project and the resultant dilemma regarding legitimacy of land tenure in two of its slums. By understanding the kind of sanct...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

The Yangtze River Delta metropolitan region is one of the six largest urban agglomerations in the world. Its regional integration development is a key point of the Chinese government’s regional coordination strategy. And also, establishing the Yangtze River Delta integration model zone has become a national strategy. There are a high degree of ur...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

In today's urbanizing world, where almost half of the world's population lives in cities, livable city is a necessity. City livability depends on how cities can provide safety and security for the peoples, fulfill their basic needs, provide easy access to public services and infrastructure, have a good quality of the environment, better economic, s...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Recently the importance of maintaining of historic identity of the cities is an obvious matter in restoration of a city. Each city depends on its cultural perception and its wealth, tries to reserve and repair its cultural heritage. This matter has been done in many cities in the world and many historic urban fabrics have been restored and rehabili...

4: Knowledge economies and identity: planning for cultureDraft Presentation

The research addresses the issue of urban livability through the (un)supportiveness of the built environments for walking. It claims that urban environments must be pedestrian-friendly if the community’s quality of life is to be achieved. It goes further and relates urban walkability to the urban justice issues. It gives a comprehensive review of...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Poverty and climate change considered a global problem. Meanwhile, adaptation to climate change and poverty reduction are context-specific and vary per case. The urban poor is vulnerable to flooding, especially flash floods because most of them live in flood-prone riverbanks. they are also prone to disasters and diseases outbreak. On the other hand...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Australia is one of the most urbanised countries in the world. At the same time, it is one of the highest per capita emitters of global greenhouse gas emissions. Despite of its material wealth, evidence in relation to the state of children health indicate that growing up in cities is of deep concern to ensure long term prosperity on societal level....

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Along with the global wave of urbanization, urban agglomerations with megacities as the core have become the main form of urbanization in various countries. The polarization effect around the metropolis leads to the centripetal flow of capital, labor, land and other resource elements in the surrounding small towns, which causes the shrinkage of sma...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

In the fifties, New York was the first city in the world with a population in its metropolitan area of about 10 million of habitants, and at that same decade, Tokio reached this level. In the decade of the eighties, Mexico City, Sao Paulo and Osaka reached that grade. Today, there are 33 megacities in the world on all continents. By 2030, the forec...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

Generally the free trade area refers to two or more countries or regions cancelling the tariff and non-tariff barriers in the vast majority of goods through a free trade agreement. In such area, market access conditions are improved in the service sector, investments are opened, the free flow of production factors such as goods, services, capital, ...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

The Higher Education Town (HET) of Jatinangor is a campus area, a park of cultural technology science, and an urban center for economic activities. As part of Bandung Metropolitan Area, the challenges on social-economic change, deterioration environtment, infrastructure supply, and economic activities has lead to fragmented development that lead No...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

Cities are becoming bigger and more complex, which presents an array of new opportunities and challenges that cannot be assessed nor addressed with traditional methods. So finding the right balance will be a major challenge. Qatar as the world’s third largest holder of natural gas reserve faced rapid and unprecedented development growth over the ...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

Visual communication in urban planning and design disciplines is the main form of creating as well as exchanging their ideas and interpretations about the urban environment, not only among planners/architects, but also between them and the general public. Many urban scholars in Egypt also addressed the role of visualizations and graphics in plannin...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

In this era of climate change and rapid urbanization, it is important to understand the metabolism of the regional system to achieve socio-economic resilience. The concept of socio-economic resilience of the region is used to refer the capacity of systems of the region to absorb or adapt shock and vulnerabilities. Broadly, the overall socio-economi...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

Regional planning literature suggest development of small and medium sized cities to counter balance mega-city-centric growth poles. Yet, implementations of such strategies are problematic, especially in fast growing transitional economies of the Global South. Market driven global economic environment typically favours metropolitan scale, connectiv...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

This study deals with ‘displacement’, ‘resettlement’ and ‘resistance’ alongside the Ciliwung River by covering forced evictions in the city of Jakarta between 2013-2016 due to the realization of the Jakarta Urgent Flood Mitigation Project (JUFMP) and exploring the emergence of social movements in the affected communities. It positions i...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

The 1001 fairy tale of the East, a cultural capital of Kazakhstan, a center of arts and festivals of Central Asia, a contemporary oasis in Syr Darya valley. There are only a few targets of urban transformation of Turkistan, the masterplan strategy designed by interdisciplinary team of Urban Sustain Architecture (Kiev) and Frame Art (Astana). Turkis...

4: Knowledge economies and identity: planning for cultureDraft Presentation

Spatial transformation is an important concept in the South African housing sector and has a specific meaning in the South African context (HDA, 2017a). Spatial transformation in South Africa is not only about restructuring or change but additionally deals with redressing the spatial legacies of apartheid (ibid). The Spatial Transformation Scoring ...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

China has been exploring the way of applying the market economy in Chinese context. The market force will play a more dominant role in resource allocation in the next phase and the dependence of urban development on private investment will be reinforced continuously. The issue of privatization of public space in Chinese cities, especially in megaci...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

With China’s urbanization embarking on a new stage of regional integration, the intra-megacities have been experiencing more and more strong interactions. Meanwhile, the complex inter-regional contradictions are becoming extremely acute, such as environmental pollution, ecological destruction and industries competition etc., especially in the cro...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

The strain and pressure on the global city infrastructure can be efficiently relieved by allowing this infrastructure to step “onto” the water and thus break this ever existing barrier. Apart from the fact that by doing so we manage to create new and attractive public space in the environment which is usually scarcely utilized, floating archite...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

One of the most common cases of deaths in developed countries are non communicable diseases – such as obesity, heart related problems and diabetes. Many of these are easily preventable and can be managed by each individual. Paradoxically the evolution of our civilisation, technology and growth of cities has lead to many diseases of affluence, whi...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

Air pollution levels in metropolitan Jakarta, capital city region of Indonesia, are high and rising, posing a serious public health threat to 32 million residents. it was estimated that over 5.5 million people in DKI Jakarta (58% of the population) suffered from various air pollution-related illnesses (e.g., asthmatic bronchiale, coronary artery di...

3: Liveable places and healthy cities: planning for peopleDraft Presentation

In China, urbanization progress is shaping rapidly the urban space and urban society. Megacities are attracting incoming migrant labour and correspondingly external investment from national and international real estate developers. Conflicts between different social groups in space usage become more intensified and critical. Informal entrepreneurs ...

4: Knowledge economies and identity: planning for cultureDraft Presentation

Metropolitan areas have long been understood to benefit from the existence of regional governance structures. However, some large urban areas still lack effective coordinating agencies. In the case of Lisbon, Portugal, the legal framework has been steadily refined since 1991 to task the Metropolitan Area with a set of mandates, but has yet to be gr...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

This study uncovers the drivers of four major metropolitan areas’ success from government management and planning perspective. New York metropolitan area, London metropolitan area, Tokyo metropolitan area, and Paris metropolitan area are internationally recognized as the four major metropolitan areas around the world. They have a large population...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

Food is a basic necessity for people throughout the world, the issue of food is a global world issue reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), namely in the first objective of "Ending hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture". This shows that poverty and hunger is one of the world's pr...

6: Changing environment and risks: planning for resilienceDraft Presentation

SPIMA stands for Spatial Dynamics and Strategic Planning in Metropolitan Areas. It is a research project initiated by 10 cities from EUROCITIES Working Group on Metropolitan Areas (Brussels, Oslo, Vienna, Prague, Brno, Lyon, Lille, Torino, Zurich and Terrassa) and financed by the European Union (ESPON programme). The research has been conducted bet...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation

Bogor as a satellite city in Greater Jakarta Metropolitan Area (40 km to the south) is rapidly growing with its main function as a center of the residential area, tourism, and education. As a residential center for Jakarta workers, during 2015 there were 114 thousand peoples commuted every day from Bogor to Jakarta by train, excluding car and bus c...

1: Limitless cities and urban futures: planning for scaleDraft Presentation

The term “Goldilocks Zone” refers to the habitable zone around a star where the conditions are just right- not too hot and not too cold - for liquid water to exist on the surface of a planet. It provides a way to predict the habitability of newly found planets and moons. Just like in astronomical science, there is evidence of a public sector ...

5: Smart futures and sustainability: planning for innovationDraft Presentation

The megacities are a double-edged sword for the surrounding rural areas: while providing opportunities, they are also ’draining‘ the surrounding areas. The meaning of Water-related spaces of the rural area in South Jiangsu Province,China,are the cradle for the economy in history, and are also where lies its social, ecological and cultural c...

2: Beside the megacity and the role of other cities and areas: planning for balanceDraft Presentation

Metropolis and Megapolis are facing huge challenges due to their extreme complexity and their responsibility to drive the economic and social development of countries. Today, more than 50% of urban dwellers are living in metropolitan areas of more than 500,000 inhabitants. The metropolis is the main artifact of the present century. Managing the met...

7: Urban governance and planning profession: planning for futureDraft Presentation