TRACK 2: Besides the megacity and other cities Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Timor)
Sep 11, 2019 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20190911T1130 20190911T1300 Europe/Amsterdam 2.5 Managing Megacities and Hinterlands Relations ? Planning at a Regional Scale

Megacity – hinterland relations are often seen as one-way traffic, where market advantages of agglomeration economies dictate flows of population and material resources. Here we question how we can bring greater balance through innovative regional planning strategies. How do we strengthen economic roles of smaller cities as counter magnets – to generate more job opportunities for rural migrants closer to their home and reduce population pressure on megacities?

Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Timor) 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Jakarta/Bogor, Indonesia congress@isocarp.org

Megacity – hinterland relations are often seen as one-way traffic, where market advantages of agglomeration economies dictate flows of population and material resources. Here we question how we can bring greater balance through innovative regional planning strategies. How do we strengthen economic roles of smaller cities as counter magnets – to generate more job opportunities for rural migrants closer to their home and reduce population pressure on megacities?

Analysis on Integration Path of Urban and Rural Industries Based on Economic Data Model - A Case Study of Overall Strategy Planning of Taiyuan Rural RevitalizationView Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 11:00:00 UTC
In the background of ongoing urbanization in China and prominent dual structure contradiction between urban and rural areas, rural revitalization is extremely urgent. Currently, common problems concerning industry, ecology and humanities exist in rural areas. This paper attempts to figure out the causes for differences in industrial development in rural areas on the basis of macro data analysis and industrial spatial distribution. Given the lack of quantitative analysis of the relationship between urban and rural development and industrial structure, this paper adopts SPSS statistical software to conduct regression analysis on the statistical data of Taiyuan City in the past ten years. Based on the relationship between industrial proportion and urban-rural income ratio, this paper proposes how the adjustment of urban industrial structure promotes the industrial development in surrounding rural areas and the narrowing of urban-rural income gap. From the perspective of rural industry undertaking or complementation with urban industry, this paper then puts forward the idea of undertaking the transfer industry within the scope of ensuring the aggregation effect of the city center and the carrying capacity of the ecological environment, proposing an industrial development path from agriculture to processing industry and then to culture, tourism and recreation industry for the villages in Taiyuan.
Presenters
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Huimin Qi
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co., LTD.
Whole-region Tourism Greenway Network Organization Mechanism Based on Gravity Model Flow MeasurementView Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 11:00:00 UTC
(1) Problem: In the process of the continuous expansion of large cities, the imbalance of urban and rural resources has been brought about. Greenway is an important resource that connects urban and rural areas and combines man-made with nature. It plays an important role in the connection of their environment. The organizational mechanism of greenway network is the core content of Greenway planning. In China, the construction of whole-region tourism has entered a stage of rapid development in urban and rural areas. How to seek the rational use of resources through the combination of whole-region tourism and greenway network planning is the main problem to be solved in this study. (2) Background: At present, the quantitative evaluation of greenway network is mainly focused on discussing the relationship between points and lines in the network. Its organizational methods are mostly based on graph theory, Euclidean distance, connectivity and probability theory. In order to organize the greenway network from the perspective of whole-region tourism, it is necessary to mobilize the industrial, ecological, residential and other resources of cities and towns for coordinated planning. Therefore, the previous quantitative evaluation methods cannot meet the research needs. This study takes Ning'an City as an example. It is an important node town connecting urban and rural areas in both administrative level and spatial environment. At the same time, Ning'an City has a good base of tourism and ecological resources. (3) Reference: This study refers to Greenway Network Planning and organization methods at home and abroad. Based on the literature and research results of gravity model flow measurement, the cost distance formula is improved in greenway network evaluation and organization, and the network flow is allocated to each path through gravity model, so as to enhance the scientificity of the evaluation. (4) Method: The research methods of this paper are as follows. Firstly, the existing greenway network structure of Ning'an City is sorted out and summarized. Then, through the minimum cost path method, the potential greenway network structure is formed based on comprehensive elements and general elements respectively. Through the combination of existing structure and potential structure, a preliminary abstract network structure is formed. Then, gravity model is used to measure and classify the traffic among abstract network nodes. Two kinds of greenway network structures are compared and analyzed based on Synthesis and general elements respectively. On this basis, the structure optimization and network certification of greenway network are carried out through field investigation. (5) General application: Provide reference for the planning and implementation of actual greenway network in urban and rural area of tourist towns.
Presenters Xue Jiang
Phd Student, School Of Architecture, Harbin University Of Technology
Balanced Regional Development through District Planning – A comparative analysis of Indian and South African planning frameworksView Abstract
Draft Presentation 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 11:00:00 UTC
Regional planning literature suggest development of small and medium sized cities to counter balance mega-city-centric growth poles. Yet, implementations of such strategies are problematic, especially in fast growing transitional economies of the Global South. Market driven global economic environment typically favours metropolitan scale, connectivity and human resource talent pool, in channelizing investment generations. Moreover, newly industrializing countries often lack institutional and technical capacities to undertake integrated regional planning. This paper compare and contrast approach towards balanced regional development through district planning in India and South Africa to draw policy lessons. Employment generation for surplus rural labour has become a crucial developmental challenge for both India and South Africa. Despite achieving impressive GDP growth rates, both the countries are suffering from job crisis. Youth unemployment rate of South Africa is 52.15 percent; while in India, official unemployment rate is 7.2 percent, but under employment is over 30 percent, as millions of people, are stuck in low skill-low wage casual jobs. Rural urban income differentials are high. Rural youth are migrating to big cities, but low skilled jobs are only available at the bottom tier of the urban informal labour market. To redress rural—urban dichotomy, both the countries had sought to undertake regional planning at a district level, and district plans are seen as integrative platform for urban and rural area plans and sectoral agencies of the provincial government. In India District Planning process was institutionalised as part of a wider process of state restructuring and decentralisationunder the74th Constitutional Amendment Acts of 1992. District Planning is a mandatory statutory activity; but its implementation had been slow and uneven. Considerable state-wise variation exists in the planning process as well as its institutional arrangements. In states where properly implemented, District Planning has become an integral part of the participatory planning, gender empowerment, spatial targeting of developmental grants and disaster risk mitigation. India has also undertaken pilot project to develop 30 rurbun clusters to encourage skill development and training for artisans and handicraft sector. Compared to the Indian district planning model’s emphasis on social equity through participatory planning, the South Africa's district planning approach is more top-down and has stronger emphasis on economic issues. South Africa’s innovative Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act (SPLUMA) of 2013 has sought revive rural and small town economies by building logistics networks and product value chains for agro-processing sectors connecting different settlement hierarchies. It has also built in mechanism to harmonize strategic business plan with land use planning and infrastructure development. The comparative analysis of two major transitional economies shows potential of district planning to achieve balanced regional development. It also underscores the need for the regional planning mechanism to combine features of top-down strategic approach and bottom-up participatory approach
Presenters Tathagata Chatterji
Professor (Urban Management & Governance), Xavier University Bhubaneswar
Construction and empirical study of evaluation index system of rural revitalization in China's metropolitan areas from the perspective of social ecosystem -- taking villages and towns around Shanghai as examplesView Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 11:00:00 UTC
Abstract:Since the reform and opening up, the southern Jiangsu region in the Shanghai metropolitan area has experienced rapid urbanization and industrialization with the development of township enterprises as the core, and the urbanization rate has reached 75. A higher level of 9 percent. While great achievements have been made in urban and rural development, rural revitalization still faces many challenges, such as environmental pollution of rural settlements, loss of local population, agglomeration of migrant population, social structure reconstruction and other problems. The realization of sustainable development of rural settlements has become an urgent goal of rural revitalization in southern Jiangsu. In this paper, based on the characteristics of south Jiangsu rural development present situation and problems of the study, from the urban and rural development theory, the experience of developed countries (regions) and national policy guidance and so on to build based on social ecosystem view of rural revitalization of the evaluation index system, think that the understanding of Chinese metropolitan areas around the country revitalization and evaluation should include "the body of the rural regional function" refactoring, "urban economy and the function of" the balance of forces and the "urban and rural relationship" three dimensions. On this basis, construct the 4th level hierarchical structure model, rural revitalization of the top as the goal layer index, followed by rule layer contains a prosperous industry, ecological livable, local custom civilization, effective governance, well-off five first-level indicators, again for child criterion layer contains rural industrial structure, agricultural science and technology level, rural marketization, livable natural environment, artificial environment livable, social environment livable, culture education 15 secondary indexes such as the construction of public cultural development, Finally for solution layer contains characteristic industrial output value accounted for the proportion of total output, non-agricultural production value accounted for the proportion of total output, proportion of total labor force non-agricultural industry practitioners, comprehensive agricultural mechanization level, per million population the number of agricultural science and technology personnel, agricultural science and technology innovation achievements conversion, forage-livestock system of agricultural products and farmers credit loans into 44 tertiary indicators. At the same time, an empirical study was conducted on the rural revitalization of 20 villages around Shanghai, China, to test the feasibility and application value of the evaluation index system, and to suggest the direction of policy intervention. Reference: 1. Gladwin, Christian H., et al. "Rural entrepreneurship: one key to rural revitalization." American Journal of Agricultural Economics 71.5 (1989): 1305-1314. 2.Smith, Kerry Douglas. A time of crisis: Japan, the great depression, and rural revitalization. Vol. 191. Harvard Univ Asia Center, 2001. 3. Knight, John. "Rural revitalization in Japan: Spirit of the village and taste of the country." Asian Survey 34.7 (1994): 634-646. 4.Kieselbach, S. R., and P. T. Long. "Tourism and the rural revitalization movement." Parks & Recreation (Arlington) 25.3 (1990): 62-66.
Presenters
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Dianhong Zhao
Senior Engineer, Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute CO.,LTD
phd student
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School of Architecture, Harbin University of Technology
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co., LTD.
Senior engineer
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Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute CO.,LTD
Professor (Urban Management & Governance)
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Xavier University Bhubaneswar
No moderator for this session!
 Dian Zhang
Harbin Institute of Technology
Participant
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Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Pemanfaatan Ruang dan Penguasaan Tanah-Kementerian ATR
Regional Director
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Cistri Pte Ltd
Lecturer
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School of Architecture, Planning, and Policy Development, Institut Teknologi Bandung
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