TRACK 4: Knowledge economies and identity Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Banda B)
Sep 10, 2019 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20190910T1130 20190910T1300 Europe/Amsterdam 4.2 Culture-sensitive Approaches in City Planning

The scope of the topics associated with this session will include a vast array of issues associated with city planning in culture-sensitive areas. Both the tangible and intangible cultural assets and issues will be dealt with. At the same time the issues associated with minority cultures and specific manifestations of cultural activities and heritage will be discussed. On this basis the specific concepts and solutions for diversified places, cities and regions will be presented, with the special focus on "non-traditional" heritage sites. The cases analysed will include location in Europe and Asia, with interesting presentations from – among others – Germany, China and Indonesia.

Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Banda B) 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Jakarta/Bogor, Indonesia congress@isocarp.org

The scope of the topics associated with this session will include a vast array of issues associated with city planning in culture-sensitive areas. Both the tangible and intangible cultural assets and issues will be dealt with. At the same time the issues associated with minority cultures and specific manifestations of cultural activities and heritage will be discussed. On this basis the specific concepts and solutions for diversified places, cities and regions will be presented, with the special focus on "non-traditional" heritage sites. The cases analysed will include location in Europe and Asia, with interesting presentations from – among others – Germany, China and Indonesia.

Cultural sensitive approach in water management for a volcanic river basin of Yogyakarta Metropolitan AreaView Abstract
Draft Presentation 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 11:00:00 UTC
Although there is substantial literature on the implementation of integrated water resources management and multilevel governance of water, less attention is given on how and why cultural values contribute to the integration level of its implementation. Thus, this paper examines cultural ecological knowledge impacts on current water management practices in Opak sub-basin, Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia, which is threatened by the volcanic activities of Mt. Merapi in its upstream. Therefore, it uses the research question of " How and why does the cultural ecological knowledge impacting the water resources management in a volcanic river basin?" We used a qualitative approach to the case study of Opak Sub-basin to investigate a comprehensive understanding, with 57 in-depth interviews, three focus groups, and three months of observation (July-August 2016 and January 2018). The analysis was done using Atlas.ti software for axial coding on several concepts used in this paper, such as cultural ecological knowledge, integrated water resources management, disaster risk reduction, and volcanic river basin management. The codings were arranged using multilevel governance theory, which for this case study proposes three phases of volcanic river basin management: Normal (pre-eruption), Disaster (onset eruption), and Normal+ (Post-eruption) within existing governance levels: national, regional, and municipal. The analysis answer the how part of the question by detecting the main activities of actors within the context of water governance, the relationships between actors, and existing boundary spanning operations within the current interaction attempts in multilevel governance. It reveals that cultural boundary-spanning actors (water whisperers) are the answer to the why part of the question. These actors are more active during disaster volcanic river basin management (VRBM) phase. With them, the cultural ecological knowledge was brought into the interaction attempts. This condition contributed to the highest level of integration. Therefore, we argue that the integration level of water resources management is higher when more cultural ecological knowledge is used in the interaction attempts. The paper proposes that an understanding of the cultural ecological knowledge enables a better implementation of integrated water resources management for this volcanic river basin.
Presenters Vicky Ariyanti
Technical Planner, Ministry Of Public Works And Housing
Inheritance and Development of Traditional Minority Culture in Southwest China: A Case Study of Miao, Dong and Dai NationalitiesView Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 11:00:00 UTC
Abstract:Guizhou, Yunnan is located in the northwestern part of China, with a large number of ethnic minority areas, of which Miao, Dong and Yi nationalities are important ethnic groups in terms of quantity and distribution. The southwestern part of China retains a large number of landscapes and traditional buildings, including terraces, Miao village, Dong village and Drum Towers, which are important components of the traditional culture of the Miao and Dong nationalities. Meanwhile, in Zunyi of Guizhou province, traditional folk religious culture is still preserved, and the text, language, songs, and utensils have been effectively passed down. Moreover, in Xishuangbanna of Yunnan province, the traditional wooden structure which is inhabited by the Yi nationalities still is provided with typical national characteristics. And all aspects of clothing, food, housing and transportation are of great cultural characteristics. The entire village has a large number of intangible cultural heritage. This paper introduces the inheritance and development of traditional cultural changes in Guizhou, Yunnan province in southwestern China from the perspective of anthropology. The minority learners mentioned in this paper retain the essence of culture, but also attract more people to understand traditional culture and inherit and develop traditional culture. Government, media and people, including encouraging tourism, increasing cultural and tourism projects, publicizing intangible cultural heritage to attract people to understand and disseminate traditional culture, and making Chinese traditional culture develop in the new era. Chinese traditional culture has a long history. It has been passed down from ancient times to the present. The ethnic minorities in the southwestern region have retained their independent and complete national culture because of their geographical location and traffic. Therofore, they are highly recognizable. In short, Chinese traditional culture has great national characteristics and is the essence of Chinese culture. It is also an important part of world culture.
Presenters Lin CHEN
PhD Candidate, TongJi University
Study on Urban Morphology Optimization Based on the Construction of Urban Memory Structure —— Take Dazhi Street in Harbin as an exampleView Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 11:00:00 UTC
In the late 1970s, China began the process of rapid urbanization. With the continuous expansion of urban scale and the rapid increase of urban population, the trend of urban homogeneity is deepening. Some problems, such as the lack of urban characteristics and the destruction of urban memory, are becoming more and more prominent. On the one hand, in the context of globalization, China's urbanization will inevitably be affected by globalization. Globalization not only brings opportunities for the development of cities, but also impacts on the local and unique characteristics of urban culture. Urban cultural connotation is gradually weakening and urban characteristics are gradually disappearing. On the other hand, because of the rapid process of urbanization within a short period of time, urban construction focuses excessively on speed and efficiency, while neglects the importance of urban culture and local characteristics. For this reason, urban construction also lacks the cultural deposits. In addition, in 2001, UNESCO issued the "World Cultural Diversity Declaration", which believes that "cultural diversity is very necessary for human beings, just as biodiversity is to nature."Under the background of globalization, the rapid development of information technology promotes the "global flow" of culture. While enjoying the various conveniences brought by globalization, we need to "stick to the historical foundation, protect local characteristics" and construct a city culture with local characteristics (Nyseth, 2013). Therefore, in order to make up for the lack of urban characteristics in rapid urbanization, the establishment of urban memory structure and the strategy of urban morphology optimization have become the current issues that should be concerned and discussed. Based on this, this paper takes Dazhi Street in Harbin as the research object, combs the historical evolution and development context of Dazhi Street by reading relevant historical documents and collating and comparing several versions of urban planning drawings in Harbin.The combination of questionnaire survey and field research is used to study the architecture, street interface, public space and overall spatial form of Dazhi Street in Harbin. Dazhi Street is a main street of a city which emerged with the construction of Middle East Railway. It has witnessed the development history of Harbin for more than one hundred years, and has rich cultural characteristics and great historical value. Therefore, through the study of Dazhi Street, firstly, we construct a relatively complete urban memory structure. Based on the urban memory structure and the current development situation, we put forward five aspects of urban morphology optimization strategy: the continuation and display of historical context characteristics, the unity and symbiosis of architectural style along the street, the coordination and improvement of urban street functions, the optimization and promotion of urban Street landscape, and the improvement and integration of urban street facilities to further highlight Harbin's urban characteristics. It also provides some reference for other cities with rich historical heritage and prominent cultural characteristics to construct urban memory structure and further enhance their locality and uniqueness.
Presenters Sai Liu
School Of Architecture, Harbin Institute Of Technology,Key Laboratory Of Cold Region Urban And Rural Human Settlement Environment Science And Technology, Ministry Of Industry And Information Technology
Research on Humanistic Technology of Urban Design of Historical Blocks in HarbinView Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 11:00:00 UTC
In this paper, the research objects are two historical and cultural blocks in Harbin which is a representative historic city located on the Northeast China. One of objects is the Central Street of Harbin, which attracts countless foreign visitors every year as a popular tourist area. The other object is the Chinese Baroque Historical Block, which is deserted after renovation and planning. What is the cause of such a big gap between the two historical and cultural blocks? The study attempts to analyze the problem by using urban design humanistic techniques. Harbin is the capital city of Heilongjiang Province, and it was listed as national historic and cultural city by the State Council in 1994. Due to the intrusion of Russia at the end of 19th Century, Harbin was influenced by Western cultural thoughts, so that a large number of European style architectures had been built in the early urban development. These historical buildings have become the identity of the city, therefore, Harbin is also known as the Oriental Paris and the Oriental Moscow. Some cultural heritages of Harbin have been restored and protected reasonably and new urban functions have been added. They drive the urban economy and promote the urban tourism, such as the Central Street. However, some of cultural heritages have been destroyed and removed because of urban construction or replanning unreasonably. City context was destroyed causing irreversible consequences, such as the Chinese Baroque Historical Block. The analysis of two historical and cultural blocks includes the material aspects such as architecture, space, transportation, landscape, and non-material aspects such as culture, customs, belonging and identity. In the process of protecting and planning cultural heritage in historical city, urban design not only needs to deal with material and spatial planning, but also needs to strengthen the context of city and pay attention to the needs and psychological feelings of people. Since culture is the soul of a historic city, people are the carriers of culture, and humanistic care as the core idea of urban design is more important in historical protection. This paper try to propose a humanistic technology approach of urban design as a complement to existing urban design methods. Humanistic technology are divided into two technical routes: culture and human. The study of culture includes combing the historical context of the block, inheriting the traditional culture, increasing the cultural symbols in the place, introducing traditional folk activities, and highlighting the cultural atmosphere. The research about human includes the behaviors and feelings of foreign users, the daily life of local residents, the control and management of government development and distribution of interests of investors. Designers act as a bond to coordinate different subject groups, weigh the relationship between the various groups and maximize the overall benefits. This paper attempts to build a universal theory framework. Humanistic technology will be used as research foundation for urban design in the renovation and protection planning of cultural heritage.
Presenters Dian Zhang
Harbin Institute Of Technology
An Awkward Dance: Nightlife and Urban Development (Lessons from Berlin)View Abstract
Case Study/Research Project 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 11:00:00 UTC
Berlin exemplifies the relationships between (sub)culture, identity, and the emergent knowledge economy like no other. Unique conditions, including the aftermath of two World Wars, a generation-long separation by the Berlin Wall, and a period of failed investment-led over-speculation, created a testbed for alternative cultures, local creativity, and entrepreneurialism. Today, the city is internationally renowned for its cultural diversity and its vibrant nightlife, both fundamental driving forces behind the city’s journey to becoming Europe’s center for the immaterial economy and new work. The club scene only recently found ways to measure and communicate its social and economic benefits to garner political support. While the city begins to recognize the financial and marketing value of its nightlife, district-level planning administration has been introducing stringent laws, regularly endangering the scene. Despite nightlife’s critical contribution to the cultural geography of the city, the local urban planning establishment often perceives both individual clubs and informal entertainment zones as urban hazards to be restricted and controlled. While a few academic voices call on city planners and policymakers to pay more attention to nightlife and its numerous benefits for the city, actors of the subcultural scene are getting involved in urban development themselves. Armed with resilience and resourcefulness stemming from years of practicing tactile urbanism, subcultural actors begin to become authors of locally sensitive solutions. While these projects quickly garner admiration for their inventiveness and popularity, urban planning administration and bureaucracy presents itself as the biggest hurdle to successful implementation. This presentation shares lessons learned from Berlin’s ambivalent relationship between subculture and urban planning, applicable to major cities around the world in search of strategies to partner with alternative culture to increase attractiveness and livability. It further calls for a less restrictive and more creative planning practice, which is not afraid of learning from different sources such as the nebulous but incredibly productive urban nightlife.
Presenters Benjamin Scheerbarth
Managing Partner, Office ParkScheerbarth
The Power of Culture in Creative Placemaking for Future Urban EconomyView Abstract
Draft Presentation 11:30 AM - 01:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 11:30:00 UTC
Based on socio-economic changes of cities and emerging new types of urban public spaces in 21th century, urban design as an interdisciplinary science which concentrates on public domain needs to introduce new lens to analyze and improve quality of contemporary urban spaces. In new literature of urban design creativity has been introduced as a key attribute to create successful places. In this process of creative placemaking for preserving the identity of urban spaces we need to be connected to powerful concepts like culture which is alive from past to future. In other word culture has a unique potential to convey creativity in designing new public spaces. Such approach is effecting on urban economy based on introducing contemporary urban spaces as new tourism destinations. European cities have valuable experience to use the cultural potentials and assets in improving quality of life and urban tourism. The presentation with reviewing some of European cities experiences, is trying to analyze the idea in Iran as an Asian and Middle-east country, where the experiences of using culture enhancing urban quality have been neglected in the current literature of urban studies. The results demonstrate the power culture in Iranian everyday life of public spaces. Those spaces used cultural-entertainment led regeneration approach have successful from the lens of urban economy for all the city. The most important thread in development of theses space is privatization of urban spaces by rich corporations. According the analysis of these urban spaces and reintroducing the rich treasure of culture in Iran as one of rare alive civilizations, the paper brings up new and integrated model of strategies on using culture-led regeneration approach in future of Iranian cities.
Presenters Ehsan Ranjbar
Assistant Professor , Tarbiat Modares University
Assistant Professor
,
Tarbiat Modares university
PhD candidate
,
TongJi University
Technical Planner
,
Ministry of Public Works and Housing
Lecturer,Master Tutor,National Registered Planner
,
School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology
School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology,Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
+ 2 more speakers. View All
No moderator for this session!
Penata Ruang Muda
,
Subdit Perencanaan dan Kemitraan, Direktorat Penataan Kawasan
Urban Planner
,
Jiangsu Institute of Urban Planning and Design
Mr Etienne Drouet
Head of Urban APAC
,
Tractebel Engineering
Dr Yu Sun
Postdoctoral research assistant
,
Harbin Institute of Technology
Ms Xue Jiang
phd student
,
School of Architecture, Harbin University of Technology
+11 more attendees. View All

Notes

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