TRACK 2: Besides the megacity and other cities Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Timor)
Sep 10, 2019 04:00 PM - 05:30 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20190910T1600 20190910T1730 Europe/Amsterdam 2.4 Urban Expansion and Food Supply: Megacities Resiliency

Rapid expansion of urban footprints-often in unplanned chaotic ways-are harming our ecosystems and green covers; fertile agricultural lands are shrinking; wetlands and waterbodies are depleting. This sub-theme explores how we can manage urban expansions more sustainably. We shall discuss how to implement global sustainability goals through local processes. What are the linkages between peri-urban agriculture and urban sustainability goals? Does it make sense to invest and modernise agriculture around a megacity and reinvent the rural into a new synergetic model?

Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Timor) 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Jakarta/Bogor, Indonesia congress@isocarp.org

Rapid expansion of urban footprints-often in unplanned chaotic ways-are harming our ecosystems and green covers; fertile agricultural lands are shrinking; wetlands and waterbodies are depleting. This sub-theme explores how we can manage urban expansions more sustainably. We shall discuss how to implement global sustainability goals through local processes. What are the linkages between peri-urban agriculture and urban sustainability goals? Does it make sense to invest and modernise agriculture around a megacity and reinvent the rural into a new synergetic model?

Rural Revolution, leveraging emerging infrastructuresView Abstract
Draft Presentation 04:00 PM - 05:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 14:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 15:30:00 UTC
There has been a global issue facing the rural, from Italy, USA, to now SEAsia, that has left them behind their rapidly expanding urban centers. Within South East Asia a new model is emerging. In key rural areas, new infrastructures are being leveraged to allow for new opportunities for countryside places within the larger constellation networks of cities. Within China a new model ‘Taobao Villages’ have emerged. Perhaps the original model is Shaji in Jiangsu Province, China. The origin story of Shaji had a humble beginning. A few local entrepreneurs that learned from production models in urban coastal China and Ikea started their own taoboa shop. Working with local carpenters, they made the first version of the hacked furniture, photographed it and put it on their Taobao shop. They sold a few in the first week and continued to get more demand and business was booming. Very soon, they were fixing up their houses and getting new cars and the whole village was curious about how they made money. As business expanded, they recruit villagers to join their operations and the knowledge of the e-commerce and the business of flat pack furniture spread. Their employees and relatives started to open up their own e-commerce shops. With the low barrier of entry to e-commerce and simple furniture, the village flourished with rapid multiplications of shops and factories making flat pack furniture to be distributed all across China. The taoboa village model was initiated in a bottom up manner, but in many ways has been supported by the Chinese government. Initially the Chinese government developed a ‘how to guide’ for rural villages to learn from the model in Shaji. Now, the government is using this mature model to link outside of China. Recently the Chinese government has been working with the Thailand government and locally based on entrepreneurs to evolve this model abroad. Later, in Ningde, Fujian Province, China, an technology entrepreneur from Shanghai has used his patents for high spectral technology [satellite/drone imagery systems for observing plants/soils] to develop a new form of High Tech food villages. The private company worked in association with the local government to identify a few key areas for new villages in a valley outside of Ningde. The villages have been developed to both allow for food production, visitors, and office researchers to reside within. These ‘factories for food’ were designed to allow for a mix of living, working and recreation. The developer, thanks to China’s current plans to link to eastern Europe and Africa, has plans to repeat this model in other locations. In all of these cases, new technologies [e-commerce, satellite imagery, drones, 4 axis cnc machines] are being used to offer new opportunities to rural communities. Instead of focusing on the nostalgia for the development of rural areas, new systems are being deployed. These focus not on traditional forms of urban planning, but on new technologies to provide new employment models. Some argue they represent the ‘industrialization of the rural’. Others point to them more as an embracing of a global reality. Both are true. The rural is no longer ‘the other’ to the city. In order to survive, they need to use their existing characters to provide and gain from the global network.
Presenters
JH
Jason Hilgefort
Founder, Land+Civilization Compositions
Exploration and practice of formulating strategic planning for rural revitalization in the Shanghai metropolitan area -- take the rural revitalization of Jinxi town in Kunshan as an exampleView Abstract
Draft Presentation 04:00 PM - 05:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 14:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 15:30:00 UTC
As an important role of regional cohesion and functional complementarity in the integrated development of the Yangtze river delta and the development of the Shanghai metropolitan area, the rural area is an important part of boosting the overall construction of the metropolitan area. At present, the research on rural revitalization mainly focuses on the rural theory, lacking of the rural research from the regional perspective. Jinxi town is only about 70 kilometers from the center of Shanghai, and it has the characteristics of a traditional water town in the south of the Yangtze river. Jinxi has maintained close ties with surrounding big cities in different periods of development. Therefore, this paper takes jinxi town as an example,through the combination of geographical information and big data means of contrastive analysis of the relationship between regional development and measure the argument, the paper mainly discusses the Jinxi town in rural area in the development of land intensive use of urban and rural areas, rural development opportunities, resources, ecological environment optimization may encounter opportunities and risks. On the basis of the study of Jinxi town village in the regional development orientation and target, and put forward regional coordination, complementary industry, ecological combination, transport links, win-win cooperation mechanism is the general strategy of the five aspects of requirements, as well as through subsequent revision and improve the planning and to help Jinxi town rural revitalization of the effective implementation of the strategic planning. Through this study on the rural revitalization of jinxi town, On the one hand, it comprehensively implements the national deployment and the task of benchmarking Jiangsu Province; on the other hand, it earnestly follows the law of rural self-development. In the theoretical category of regional economy, it studies the Rural Revitalization in the metropolitan area with Chinese characteristics, which is based on the era background of metropolitan area development and rural revitalization. At the same time, this paper is expected to provide ideas and methods for the strategic planning of rural revitalization around the metropolitan area.
Presenters
XW
Xiaoyi Wen
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Research Institute Co., LTD
QJ
QiuYi Jiang
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co.Ltd.
GZ
Guoquan Zhang
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Research Institute Co., LTD
Analysis of the Correlation between the Establishment of Rural Land Share Cooperatives around Shanghai and the Government & Villager Satisfaction - A Case Study of Jinxi Town, Kunshan CityView Abstract
Full Paper 04:00 PM - 05:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 14:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 15:30:00 UTC
Abstract: The agricultural land around Shanghai is famous for its huge population and intensive cultivation. With the expansion of the metropolis, a large number of agricultural people have entered the city to work, and rural land has been abandoned(1,2). In 2009, Kunshan City implemented a land transfer system, and 99% of the cultivated land was packaged for large-scale farmers, and initially realized large-scale operation(3). However, the large-scale business model has gradually experienced problems such as predatory management, ecological destruction, and no sense of social responsibility. Through the establishment of agricultural land share cooperatives, Changyun Village took the lead in realizing the collective management of agricultural land, taking shares in the land, giving priority to paying dividends to the land, and paying wages to the farmers working in the cooperative. The peasants' enthusiasm for entering the city has become an important buffer for the migrants to work in Shanghai and surrounding villages(4). It has increased the employment rate. At the same time, it has supplied green agricultural products to the city, passed on agricultural technology, and activated local communities. This article intends to analyze the correlation between several village share cooperative models based on Changyun Village and the large family farm contracting model of more than ten villages, and the satisfaction of villagers, combined with property rights theory, scale economy theory, and accounting cooperatives. Cost-benefit, evaluate the effect of “long cloud-style” collectivization on revitalizing the surrounding villages of metropolises and assess the satisfaction of governments at all levels. Through field interviews and questionnaire surveys, the correlation analysis of village cadres and villagers' satisfaction was conducted. The government is optimistic about the role of the "long cloud model" in grassroots management and improvement of people's livelihood. Even if public finances are required to invest a large amount of money, it is necessary to strengthen the medical and social security of the villagers. The government is also quite satisfied with the Changyun model. At present, the economic benefits of the stock cooperatives have steadily increased. Although the growth rate is not large, the villagers have a strong sense of well-being, and the village's ecological environment has been improved. In the future, the cost of the village will be reduced after the large-scale operation, and the overall economic benefits will be improved. The future research direction will be how to solve the specific problems that plague the cooperative's production and operation, such as low rice prices and lack of high value-added finishing facilities to continue to activate the surrounding areas of the metropolis and improve the satisfaction of the government and villagers. 1. Wu, Fulong, Fangzhu Zhang, and Chris Webster, eds. Rural migrants in urban China: enclaves and transient urbanism. Routledge, 2013. 2. Han, Sun Sheng. "Shanghai between state and market in urban transformation." Urban Studies 37.11 (2000): 2091-2112. 3. Yun, Jin Xiongbing Pu Lijie Luo, and Peng Buzhuo. "LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGE AT COUNTY LEVEL——A CASE STUDY OF KUNSHAN CITY [J]." Soils 3 (2003): 5. 4. Croll, Elisabeth J., and Huang Ping. "Migration for and against agriculture in eight Chinese villages." The China Quarterly 149 (1997): 128-146.
Presenters
YL
Yi Li
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Research Institute CO.LTD.
The Shrinkage and revitalization of villages in metropolitan area of mega citiesView Abstract
Draft Presentation 04:00 PM - 05:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 14:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 15:30:00 UTC
The megacities are a double-edged sword for the surrounding rural areas: while providing opportunities, they are also ’draining‘ the surrounding areas. The meaning of Water-related spaces of the rural area in South Jiangsu Province,China,are the cradle for the economy in history, and are also where lies its social, ecological and cultural characteristics. But rural and water-related activities in southern Jiangsu are weakening. Many rivers have been silted up or turned into arable land, and traffic has been reduced. The former studies focus more on space design and less on their network with different agencies and actors. And there lacks small to medium scale spatial economic network quantitative analysis and data visualizations among villages, towns, and cities. Meanwhile, an argument has been raised that developing real characteristics will help the villages to revitalize. How to find and revitalize the villages by reconstructing the center of the villages? Does this method work for the Chinese metropolitan villages and towns? The paper focuses on studying the significant network of villages in metropolitan areas from ecological, cultural and economic perspectives.has a positive effect on how to preserve the cultural context of water towns. In this paper, the characteristics of hydrology, atmosphere and vegetation cover are analyzed at the regional level by remote sensing satellite image data analysis and field survey, the connectivity of main industries in rural areas is described. And the result network is coupling with economic, social and ecological network (e.g., fishery, aquaculture, tourism network etc.) and its influence scope. Finally, by comparing the industrial network characteristics of the towns and villages with better tourism towns such as Zhouzhuang and Wuzhen in Zhejiang Province, it is concluded that the coupling relationship between industry and ecological system should be well handled.
Presenters
ZL
Zhengyin Lu
Ideal Space (Shanghai) Creative Design Co., LTD
Just Schwerin – Balanced urban-rural development?View Abstract
Draft Presentation 04:00 PM - 05:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 14:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 15:30:00 UTC
The study uses the case of the German city Schwerin and its surroundings to analyse current challenges, conflicts and approaches to solutions regarding an integrative urban-rural development. The focus is on the question in how far solutions for conflicts between city, surroundings, and rural areas can be just. Additionally, the project discusses how regional justice can be defined in the context of spatial and landscape development, and how it can be implemented in practice. This approach promises to generate new solutions for balanced urban-rural development because it recognizes that land use systems and land use governance are strongly influenced by values and norms (Seidl et al. 2012, Davy 2012). Yet up to now a broader discussion about theoretical approaches and conceptual consequences in land use contexts is missing. Important discourses reflect the ethical dimension of justice, especially about environmental justice and spatial justice (e.g. Basta 2016, Edwards/Reid/Hunter 2015). In order to create applicable solutions, the project uses an approach which from the very beginning brings together research and practice. Thanks to transdisciplinary collaboration, the different actors and their perspectives are included early on in the development and testing of solutions for land use conflicts. Thus the case study of the Schwerin region will encourages regions to discuss interrelations and to engage in questions regarding regional justice.
Presenters
TW
Thomas Weith
Extracurricular Professor And Head Of Research Group: Change And Innovation, Leibniz Centre Für Agricultural Landscape Research Müncheberg E.V. (ZALF), Germany
HOW TO GRASP THE POWER OF THE PLACE: The TELLme Project and Metro-dologyView Abstract
Full Paper 04:00 PM - 05:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 14:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 15:30:00 UTC
Metropolisation processes caused by unplanned urban growth have generated an enormous demand for infrastructure and services, as well as having an impact on the environment that can lead to imbalances in social development. To promote sustainable growth, it is necessary to plan a fair distribution of services throughout the development of the city and an efficient infrastructure system. Our answer is a competence building project, which holds the social and ecological function of the city restoring safe environmental conditions. The actions of the project focus on the environment, health, and quality of life, its results are in sustainable production. Our research, therefore, deals with physical interventions, bio-sustainable innovation of supply chains of local agricultural products, and project of a robust civic image of common and public space. This means including the current crisis of the metropolitan city in the process of change, starting from an investigation regarding the possibilities of an invention. We are looking for new relations among the parts of the city through a mobility project to transform the times of the city; the identification of suitable places for the production of a modern and clean circular economy; and the selection of areas of urban regeneration to rediscover and renew the identity of the metropolitan city. Theme: Economic development based on local intelligence and social cohesion. In particular, from the circular economy, we define an integrated model, linked to sustainable development objectives. The urban regeneration is related to the reactivation of a local economic system, to the innovation of agricultural products. Ad hoc training engages the local community to work on the real product, really including it in the regenerated territory, which becomes a "common good". The projects for some metropolitan centralities in Latin America are exemplary cases for the practice of Metropolitan Discipline applied to fragile territories. Fragile are those territories that find themselves in a "precarious" situation, whether physical, economic, cultural or moral, produced by the metropolitan dynamics that crosses them. We analyze fragile territories from an integrated learning approach that refers to metropolitan complexity (Metropolitan Complexity Integrated Learning Approach). Through a set of open source maps (Metropolitan Cartography) we aim to identify the metropolitan dynamics that have generated the fragility of territories, to recognise their shortcomings and to propose a project that - based on a metabolic vision of the life cycle of the city, which over time determines the metropolitan biography - can be one of maintenance, improvement or transformation. The intervention strategy consists of building a system that takes into account the infrastructure network, green spaces, and water. Our initial question investigates of which are the new type-genetic morphologies able to change the form of the territory. The method we have been following is based on the analysis of: - Impact on consolidated historical tissues; - Impact on the environment and landscapes; and the study of some typologies and contemporary uses of land: exchange point and exchange district, new settlements in the transition zones between urban and rural. Therefore, it is intended to test planning methodologies at metropolitan scale with verification of the collision among large public works, urbanized agricultural territory, transport networks, residential tissues, and natural areas. The metropolitan phenomenon is analyzed by measuring the impact between economic growth and the consumption of the territory, in the belief that urban space must once again be considered the basis of common sense and, therefore, can be the object of a decision shared by citizens aware of their rights: the right to the city, the landscape and the lifestyle.
Presenters
SK
Sandy Jiyoon Kim
Research Fellow, Politecnico Di MIlano
Founder
,
Land+Civilization Compositions
Shanghai tongji urban planning & design research institute CO.LTD.
Senior engineer
,
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute CO.,LTD
Ideal space (Shanghai) creative design co., LTD
Extracurricular Professor and Head of Research Group: Change and Innovation
,
Leibniz Centre für Agricultural Landscape Research Müncheberg e.V. (ZALF), Germany
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Team Leader
,
PT. Patita Galaxy
Director
,
PT. Patita Galaxy
Planner
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PT. Viarchindo kso PT. Mitra Madani
Asisstant
,
Gdansk University of Technology
Participant
,
Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning
+2 more attendees. View All

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