TRACK 1: Limitless cities and urban futures Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Banda A)
Sep 11, 2019 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20190911T1400 20190911T1530 Europe/Amsterdam 1.6 Planning for Megacities: Sustainability

How can one plan for a sustainable megacity? This session focuses on resource consumption, resource utilisation, and environmental preservation in planning strategies of megacities.

Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Banda A) 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Jakarta/Bogor, Indonesia

How can one plan for a sustainable megacity? This session focuses on resource consumption, resource utilisation, and environmental preservation in planning strategies of megacities.

Draft Presentation 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
Bogor as a satellite city in Greater Jakarta Metropolitan Area (40 km to the south) is rapidly growing with its main function as a center of the residential area, tourism, and education. As a residential center for Jakarta workers, during 2015 there were 114 thousand peoples commuted every day from Bogor to Jakarta by train, excluding car and bus commuters through highway (source: PT KA, 2015). The data shows that Bogor had already become the main provider of the residential area for Jakarta workers. Data also shows that more than 60% of property transaction in Bogor during last 5 years involved Jakartans (source: urbanindo). The rapidly growing of built-up areas and urban activities in Bogor have caused many problems such as the increasing numbers of slum areas, traffic congestion, informal sector occupancy in public spaces, pollution, etc. As a residential city, Bogor finds it difficult to stem the rapid investment in new housing developments while the provision of infrastructure is very limited so that these problems arise. The Ministry of Public Works and Housing as the leading sector in urban infrastructure provision initiated a planning project to improve the quality of infrastructure in Bogor to overcome the problems. This project was run for 7 months in April to October 2016, which we served as consultants who assisted the ministry. The project found that to improve the quality of the urban spaces in Bogor, interventions need to start from the city center area as the urban acupuncture. This area was delineated in an area of around 500 hectares in the heart of Bogor, where the main activities of the city took place. A smart growth concept was used as the planning approach in this project by focusing on designing mixed-use and compact development, walkability, public transportation oriented, human scale oriented, and public space emphasis. The concept was derived by first dividing the area into 15 micro sub-area (each around 30 hectares) which have different themes and characteristics one to each other, with each sub-area having one local public service center. The division also took into account the walking radius in each sub-area and the possibility of developing a public transportation node in each service center. It can also be learned that it is necessary to set a minimum service standard for each sub-area in accordance with their service scale and main activity as a basis for determining the type of infrastructure that needs to be provided. This project also provided infrastructure programs in a microscale context (human-scale infrastructure) to improve the quality of each sub-area, so that accumulatively would give a positive impact in terms of improving the quality of the whole city center. The resulting infrastructure program will be an input for the city government to formulate the annual budget.
Presenters Latifah Latifah
Associate Planner , Nusantara Urban Advisory
Dayinta Pinasthika
Researcher, Indonesian Association Of Planners
The application of micro-regeneration strategy in urban renewal in Lima, PeruView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
Lima, the capital city of Peru, is situated within the country's desert region on the Pacific coast and bordered by the Andes Mountains to the East. It is one of the most fast developing city shifting from both formal and informal urban construction. While traditional renewal mode and strategy cannot deal with new situation and complex urban problems of this mega city due to its inner and outer contradictions and complexity. This paper analyzes the current situation of San Martin de Porres, a typical district in the northern part of the city, which grew towards the Chillon river corridor mainly during the second half of the twentieth century. It conducts investigation and analysis on the current situation related to social, economy and infrastructure system in this district. It shows that from the perspective of planning and design, urban scale top-down interventions have little positive impact on individual realities. On the opposite, much of the society's knowledge and useful space are created by the residents' active behavior and informal activities, which belong to the bottom-up strategy, and they provide the source for urban vitality. Based on the above content, the paper puts forward the micro-regeneration strategy based on the theory of organic renewal and daily life, which mainly includes three aspects: urban catalysts, space design and corporate mechanism construction. The paper investigate different potential urban catalysts based on the feature of different functional space. It includes the most symbolic area that the latter design would applied to the whole province practically. Space design consists of four aspects: river bank reuse, street renovation, community-building and neighborhood space transformation. The paper introduces new community-based organization and governmental structure based on current top-down model and residents' activities in order to push on the practical work that all the other area could follow. It tries to stimulate the improvement of the current situation and hopes to provide a new mode for the development of this mega city and similar practice.
Presenters Bo Bian
Postgraduate Student, Southeast University, China
Urban parameters analysis and visualization. A Support to planning decisions for the definition of urban surface usagesView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
In the current scenario of massive urbanization and rapid grow of urban population, several mitigation and adaptation strategies are proposed to tackle the correlated environmental issues and the effects of climate change. All these solutions are highly related to the utilization of urban surfaces (i.e. building envelopes, streets, public spaces, etc.). The existing trends demonstrate the lack of a systemic approach able to integrate multiple possible functions and avoid sub-optimal solutions in pursuing multiple resiliency and sustainability objectives. For example, in cities, conflicts are arising between the surface uses for renewable energy production, urban agriculture, and green solutions. Urban planning is essential to manage conflicts among different surface uses and ensure their integration in the process toward the creation of resilient and sustainable cities. This involves making spatially explicit decisions about the types of surface use allowable, and the extent and location of these. This decision-making process needs to be supported by accurate and detailed information about the spatial distribution of a set of parameters. Indeed, many environmental and morphological features influence the distribution of surface uses in cities and affect priorities for their definition. These parameters not only include the morphological and geometrical features of the urban area, which can be easily assessed and are already part of “traditional” urban design processes. Hence, a clear understanding of the physical interaction between the built-up environment and the climate boundary conditions is also crucial to determine truly responsive strategies. The physical parameters can be assessed through networks of on-site weather stations and climate sensors; also, environmental simulation approaches can effectively support the definition of the microclimate features proper of each urban site. However, traditional products of environmental simulation tools, abstract climate maps or descriptive texts can be undecipherable and confusing to non-experts and lack the flexibility and adaptability necessary for informing design decisions in complex urban environments with competing demands. This paper presents a systematic framework to support planning decisions about the best possible mix of surface uses and their spatial arrangement in the urban environment based on accurate, detailed, diverse and spatially explicit information. The method implies the assembly of a multivariate spatial database of significant morphological and physical environmental parameters (e.g. air temperature, surface temperature, etc.) using environmental simulation techniques and on-site data collection. The three-dimensional visualization of this database represents a solid base to relate urban planning decisions on surface uses and their effects in terms of microclimatic conditions enhancement and on-site renewable energy production. Furthermore, it provides an easily understandable way to recognize specific elements of the urban environment and orient The application of the method in presented for an urban district in Bolzano, a middle size European city with moist continental climate. The results are discussed in relation to: (i) the application of the method to support urban planning decisions, (ii) its scalability and replicability to cities with different climate and morphological characteristics, and (iii) its suitability to be adopted as framework to inform urban planners and decision makers during the definition of environmentally-conscious solutions based on their impact on microclimate, human thermal comfort, and on-site renewable energy production.
Presenters Silvia Croce
PhD Candidate, Eurac Research
Integrating Vertical Farming at Scale in Urban Food Planning – Practical Considerations for PlannersView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
At all stages of food production and consumption, resources are utilized in an inefficient manner and at an unprecedented rate, clearly affecting urban food systems. This raises future concerns in terms of climate change, and in terms of long-term food security and availability for growing urban populations. A supply-side solution to these issues - with particular potential in megacities - is Vertical Farming (VF), a high-yield form of controlled environment agriculture with promised potential to produce fruits and vegetables within cities, ultimately reducing their resource intensity. This research builds on an Urban & Regional Planning MSc thesis conducted at the University of Amsterdam. The research aims to provide a practical guide for planners, who aim to integrate Vertical Farming into urban food planning. Through this, an indication of whether and how VF can contribute to reducing the impact of food systems in terms of anthropogenic climate change will be provided, and ultimately, it will help to understand if and how VF can be up-scaled for further impact. The research utilized an abductive approach with a qualitative design, where 17 experts working in the field were interviewed. These experts represent academia, consultancy, municipal officers, entrepreneurs, and investors. The research allowed for the emergence of two sets of findings. On the one hand the primary analytical framework has been amended by further explanatory variables providing a theoretical contribution, which will be sketched briefly; while on the other hand a set of findings particularly applicable to planning with VF in cities emerged. The findings relate to 26 seperate factors, along the lines of categories developed by van Doren et al. (2018). These categories include: Measures for Low-Carbon Urban Development, Operational Arrangements, Policy Context, Market Context, Social-Cultural Context, and Natural and Built Context.
Presenters Daniel Petrovics
Policy Coordinator
Associate Planner
Nusantara Urban Advisory
Postgraduate student
Southeast University, China
PhD candidate
Eurac Research
Vice-President ISOCARP Academic Development - Institute
Eurac Research
Policy Coordinator
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