TRACK 5: Smart futures and sustainability Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Sumba A)
Sep 11, 2019 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20190911T1400 20190911T1530 Europe/Amsterdam 5.6 Smart Public Spaces

Papers in this session discuss how public spaces can be made to interact and inform public in matters that are useful and easy to understand for the public. In particular, how can planning and design professionals engage design strategies in conjunction with the new ICT technologies to make outdoor public spaces smart?

Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Sumba A) 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Jakarta/Bogor, Indonesia congress@isocarp.org

Papers in this session discuss how public spaces can be made to interact and inform public in matters that are useful and easy to understand for the public. In particular, how can planning and design professionals engage design strategies in conjunction with the new ICT technologies to make outdoor public spaces smart?

Urban Planning in a Mediatized World , case of EgyptView Abstract
Draft Presentation 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
In this digital and information age, there is a rising assumption that planning will change dramatically. At the same time, there is a wittnenessed increase of the potential role of media in urban research and practice, and there are many demands for democratic and communicative planning practices. In Egypt, urban planning is still centralized, large scale, top-down and known by its entrepreneurial nature despite the trials to implement strategic planning for more than 25 years aiming for decentralized planning participatory processes. This led to dispatched planning processes inducing gated communities and mega-projects that are highly proclaimed and praised by all kinds of media platforms and channels reaching its pick in this information and technology revolution era: the 21st Century. Media refers to the medium or tools of communication that are used to deliver a certain message (that are vocal, visual or textual). As a place making field, urban planning needs to respond to the changes in media and the corresponding chances and challenges among not only urban planners but also authorities, investors and community members. Two main research questions are addressed: How media ‘structures’ the way planning is communicated, and How the way planning is communicated via media is reflected in planning decisions. This is investigated through a qualitative research involving interviews with urban planning students . In addition to visual analysis of samples of urban projects that involved both manual and digital tools in its development.
Presenters Mennatullah Hendawy
Research Associate And Phd Student, TU Berlin
Smart signals and corresponding challenges in heterogeneous traffic conditionsView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
Major urban corridors in Indian cities are carrying significantly high traffic leading to near saturated conditions for extended peak hours. As mixed landuse and major trip attracting/generating establishments prefer to get located along such corridors for better accessibility, significant side friction is also observed along these corridors. Among various measures to improve the throughput along roads, signalized intersections seem to be most preferred intervention for intersection control. Although frequent occurrence of such traffic signals and non-coordinated signal phases have in turn made the whole situation more complex. To overcome this challenge, variations of smart signals are being proposed by technology and traffic enterprises globally. Generally, smart interventions in operation of signalised intersections require communication among vehicles and control system through various sensors and applications of artificial intelligence. Smart signal operations require the sensors grouted in pavement or attached with camera to share the relevant data in real time basis with central command and control center. With adaptive signal operations, it is attempted to schedule signal phases in such a way that green phase of every cycle generally experiences near saturated flow conditions. The smart cities mission (SCM) of India, covering around 100 cities also focuses upon improving the urban mobility through various measures including smart signals. Some of the popular proposals relating to smart operation of signalised intersection across shortlisted smart cities are – adaptive and coordinated traffic signals, traffic command and control center, priority to public and service vehicles, productive use of solar and mechanical energy, etc. Although it shall be noted that traffic signal optimization is not a one-time action but rather a continuous process, as data archiving, data crunching, research and adaptations are indispensable for its success. As the geometry, location and setting of each intersection in every network is bound to be unique, the optimization process needs to consider the same. The literature and case study of Indian city Bhubaneswar (ranked first in nationwide smart city challenge) revealed that challenges specific to Indian driving conditions are major cause of worry for yielding stated benefits of smart signals. Factors like varying hierarchy and functions along major arterial corridors, fluctuating carriageway width and quality, considerable side friction within right of way, heterogeneity in vehicular mix, significant variation in peak hour directional flows leading to tidal flow, surrounding network characteristics and efficacy of optimisation techniques are responsible for limited rewards out of the whole process. The study reflects upon these challenges and concludes with certain recommendations to improve the performance of signalized intersections on Indian streets.
Presenters Mayank Dubey
Assistant Professor, Urban Management And Governance, Xavier University Bhubaneswar
Investigation about tourism image optimization of Lugu lake scenic area based on internet reviewsView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
Tourism image is significant to construction of scenic areas and enhancement of scenic competitiveness. Many scenic areas are facing some problems such as ignoring own cultural values, tourism activities’ homogenization. It is meaningful to define the tourism image. With the rapid development of the internet and the application of big date technology, online comments have become an important means to get tourists’ evaluation. From users’ perspective, Researching on online comments is helpful to clear core attraction point of scenic areas, identify culture features, shape the scenic area image and improve the satisfaction of tourists. For the purpose, this paper takes Lugu lake scenic area as an example. First of all, we extract informations about tourism resources, tourism infrastructures and service facilities based on the comments data on the review website, and filter effective data. Secondly, by analyzing word frequency and photos data, we can analyze Lugu lake’s core attraction points. Combined with sentiment analysis software, satisfaction evaluation system is constructed. Thirdly, through superimposing the location of tourist attractions and service facilities such as Stores, hotels, restaurants, we can get tourists activity density of Lugu lake scenic spot. Combining with online rating heat and scores, the paper divides the scenic area into four space types: high heat and high ratings , high heat but low ratings, low heat but high ratings, low heat and low ratings. Furthermore, we put forward optimization Suggestions of tourism image for each space type based on satisfaction evaluation system. Online Comments are encouraged to spread among tourists, and creates a geometric growth rate in exposure and influence. Tourism image optimization based on internet reviews is the embodiment of public participation in the new era, which is helpful to realize the application value of big in urban planning practice, and is of great importance to shaping and enhancing the competitiveness of scenic spots.
Presenters
LD
Le Dong
Urban Planner, Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co.Ltd.
CX
Chen Xu
BC
Baolu Chen
Spaces of becoming- Space shapes public and public (re)shapes their own spacesView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
Fights over the ‘right to the city’ have emphasized the interests of the four main actors within the city development of India since the first cases of revolting social movements in Delhi. The four actors can be classified as social movements, the public, media, and the government. This paper emphasizes on the idea of Space. How space shapes public and public (re)shape their own spaces. India gate. This space has stuck between the idea of being space and branded space. The research aims to broaden the understanding of the importance plazas have in urban conflicts between government, public, media, and social movements and conclude how these plazas act as the spaces of becoming by analyzing the case study of one such relevant conflict from the city of Delhi. How can smart cities idea grow in India and how cities get influence from cinemas? The paper reflects an understanding of how does a film affect the audience’s perceptions about government, democracy, freedom, and opinions which are the pillars for the execution of the smart ideas for a country like India to make it a megapolis. How civic activism among urban youth is helpful to bring a social change. Can the right to the city be then demand transformed and renewed access to urban life or is it just individual liberty? Will smart city and influence from cinema (or any social media) be used as a tool to enhance the right to the city which empowers a new citizen who is not only merely a user of the city but a participant in its creation and interpretation of the space which is actively produced? How can local government then promote the ‘well-being’ of their area concerning economic, social and environmental concerns, considering the specific case of city Delhi in India? The core concept and the base of smart cities lies in technology but technology does not determine society: it is society, which can be understood only in social terms as a social practice which is modified by interest, values, habits, and aspirations. It was assumed that media plays a prominent role in acting as a watchdog in democracies, but this paper looks at how media, if used rightfully, can be forced for good in oppressive regimes and therefore, a vigilant and alert media can act as an external trigger or an emergency- wake up call for the youth of India to take the cause of freedom seriously. Rightfully as put up by Ritish (2012) an external event or issue may allow for the manifestation of a flash fandom in the form of flash activism.
Presenters Vaishali Aggarwal
Research Assistant, Bauhaus University
A comparative study of the application of the Storm Water Management Model in the construction of urban green space under the perspectives of sponge cities —— Case Study of Lakeside Greenway Park, Qi` an, ChinaView Abstract
Draft Presentation 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/11 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/11 13:30:00 UTC
In recent years, the acceleration of urbanization leads to the serious hardening of the underlying surface in cities that are located in China and the waterlogging caused by the hardening damages the development of those cities. According to the Chinese Ministry of civil affairs < 2016 National Natural Disaster Situation>, the statistics show that: Chinese 31 provinces, nearly 90% county-level administrative regions have been influenced by different degrees of natural disasters, among which the flood disaster loss is higher compared with that of 2015 . City flood safety has become a problem that must be solved in the process of the developing the Chinese cities. Under this social background, Chinese Ministry of construction issued has clearly indicated ‘speed up researching policy measures on the construction of sponge type city’ in 2014. On November of the same year, released a trial version, sponge city concept was born. But the construction of Chinese sponge city started late. Compared with mature urban sponge system in foreign countries, there are many shortcomings and limitations, such as underestimating the carrying pressure of stormwater in the greenfield. At the beginning of twentieth Century, the United States proposed the model of Best Management Practices, at the end of twentieth Century, the United States proposed the model of Low Impact Development, Australia proposed the model of Water Sensitive Urban Design, the British proposed Sustainable Urban Drainage. At the beginning of twentieth Century, Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters Programme which were proposed by Singapore have gone through long-term practice and achieved good results. In this process, in order to make more accurate, quantitative analysis of city rainfall flood index, researchers in the United States, Denmark, and Britain researched and developed a series of city stormwater management model. They put forward the idea of using the computer model to simulate the calculus and proposed analysis of auxiliary parameters according to it. The models for stormwater management are respectively designed and optimized for different scales, different environments and different requirements, its scope and functions are also different. This article is based on the perspective of the design and construction of green space in spongy city. Compare and analyze modules and functions of a variety of stormwater management model developed abroad (SWAT, SUSTAIN, SWMM etc.). And through the application simulation of the landscape design project in Hebei Province, Qian’ an East Road greening example, try to expound the designing process of the green space in the sponge city, site selection at the initial stage of the project, performance evaluation in the midterm and benefit estimate in the later period. And also try to summarize the application of each model in the design and construction of the city green space in Chinese sponge city, seek the possibility of localization and extension of the models.
Presenters
MS
MING SHAO
Ph.D Candidate, Beijing Forestry University
Head of Professional Sales
,
Signify Indonesia
Research associate and Phd Student
,
TU Berlin
Assistant Professor
,
Urban Management and Governance, Xavier University Bhubaneswar
Urban Planner
,
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co.Ltd.
Research assistant
,
Bauhaus university
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