TRACK 3: Liveable places and healthy cities Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Flores A+B)
Sep 12, 2019 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20190912T1130 20190912T1300 Europe/Amsterdam 3.7 Public Space, Public Life

Public spaces are the core of cities. They can be formally planned, but the public life can be informal at the edges and make unexpected spaces more inclusive and welcoming for specific vulnerable groups such as migrants and women. This session explores the relation between urban form, liveability and values of public spaces and how the latter is also about the daily process of making meaningful places from neutral spaces.

Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Flores A+B) 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Jakarta/Bogor, Indonesia

Public spaces are the core of cities. They can be formally planned, but the public life can be informal at the edges and make unexpected spaces more inclusive and welcoming for specific vulnerable groups such as migrants and women. This session explores the relation between urban form, liveability and values of public spaces and how the latter is also about the daily process of making meaningful places from neutral spaces.

Case Study/Research Project 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/12 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/12 11:00:00 UTC
Bogor is a city located 40 km to the south of Jakarta, which is a satellite city in the Greater Jakarta Metropolitan Area and has unique characteristics among other cities in the Metropolitan. The city has a characteristic as a garden city, which in its history, was called by the Dutch colonial as a "buitenzorg" or a "pleasant city". The Dutch colonial government as well as Britain in the era of their governance designed this city as a city of rest. One of them is indicated by the existence of the Bogor Botanical Gardens and the vast presidential palace in the heart of the city. Unfortunately, today Bogor continues to experience degradation in terms of the quality of space. Congestion, chaos, slums, and a myriad of other problems that are commonly faced by cities over 1 million inhabitants. In the last 5 years, Bogor has improved. One of the most important things that had been done by the local government was the improving quality of public spaces such as city parks, plazas, pedestrian ways, etc, and the attempt to restore the character of the city as a garden city. Over time, the city government began to face several obstacles, especially funding. Inadequate fiscal capacity of the local government makes the mission of improving the quality of urban public space stagnant. In one year, on average the government budget was only 2.5 trillion, and on average only 10 billion per year was allocated to build city parks, where the amount of this budget was seen as very minimal. Facing this obstacle, the city government innovated by inviting the private sector to contribute to the provision of city parks, one of which was through the CSR scheme. This was something that was not normal in Indonesia, and it was seen as one of the innovations in building city parks. This paper aims to explain one of the city park development projects in Bogor using the CSR fund scheme, which took place in April 2016-February 2017. The preparatory activities took place in April-August 2016, while the construction took place in September 2016-February 2017. The Project was the construction of outdoor children playground in the city center by utilizing CSR funds from one of the convenience store companies, which were channeled through children's foundations, and later appointed a third party to design and build the park. Activities were carried out with a "design and build" scheme, where the third parties (consultants and contractors) carried out the design and the construction as well. The development process was carried out through various stages such as discussions with local residents, with the mayor and his staffs, and discussions with funders as well, with the city government as a facilitator. It can be learned from this project that financing innovations through CSR scheme can be arranged to improve the quality of urban space towards a more livable city. This model can be one of the best practices and should be replicated in various cities in Indonesia.
Presenters Adriadi Dimastanto
Researcher, Indonesian Association Of Urban And Regional Planners
Rachmatika Fitri Insani Tanjung
Associate Architect, NUA
Tri Saptiwi
Associate Architect, NUA
Empirical study on the evaluation of publicness of public space: taking Chinese megacity as the caseView Abstract
Draft Presentation 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/12 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/12 11:00:00 UTC
China has been exploring the way of applying the market economy in Chinese context. The market force will play a more dominant role in resource allocation in the next phase and the dependence of urban development on private investment will be reinforced continuously. The issue of privatization of public space in Chinese cities, especially in megacities, starts drawing the attention of academic fields in urban studies. However, researches addressing the impact of privatization on Chinese urban public space are rare. This research aims at providing a lens for elaborating the following questions which include: ① how public the public space is in Chinese megacities, ② what factors impact the publicness of urban public space, ③ whether there exists a great difference in the publicness of publicly owned public space versus that of privately owned public space. Based on an extensive literature review, this research theoretically deduces that the main factors impacting publicness are multidimensional and interactive which include accessibility, management, and inclusiveness. By an in-depth analysis of the three dimensions, an elaborate measurement model including six sub-dimensions and 20 indicators has then been proposed within Chinese context in light of existing models. This research has applied the measurement model to both publicly and privately owned public space in a Chinese megacity -Beijing- to conduct a comparative analysis of the two types of public space. Taking Beijing as the case, empirical study finds that the overall scores of publicness of both sorts of public space indicate no great difference. Nevertheless, scores of the three dimensions impacting publicness show inconsistent results with the overall scores. Privately owned public space get a higher score on the accessibility dimension than its publicly owned counterparts, but a much lower score on inclusiveness dimension. The management dimension demonstrates the biggest difference between the two sorts of public space that publicly owned public space shows more care about the maintenance of space while privately owned public space put more efforts on the control of space. To sum up, the privatization of public space shows a partially negative impact on the publicness of public space from the perspective of multidimensional analysis. This research also makes significant progress on the evaluation of inclusiveness dimension which has posted a great difficulty in the measurement of users’ density and diversity within a specific public space. Taking advantage of emerging new data, this research could take a direct look at the users of public space and give a precise picture of how diverse the users are and how different publicly and privately owned public space are in the inclusiveness dimension. Besides, the measurement model developed in this research is flexible and open-ended, and it can be adjusted and applied according to different cultural context. In this way, we hope to provide a useful tool for urban planners, designers, policymakers and governments who bear the goal of an inclusive city in mind.
Presenters Juan Li
PhD Candidate, Tsinghua University
Livable and just public space - Conceptual approach to urban walkability on the case of Ljubljana, SloveniaView Abstract
Draft Presentation 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/12 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/12 11:00:00 UTC
The research addresses the issue of urban livability through the (un)supportiveness of the built environments for walking. It claims that urban environments must be pedestrian-friendly if the community’s quality of life is to be achieved. It goes further and relates urban walkability to the urban justice issues. It gives a comprehensive review of the literature on walkability and the different aspects of urban justice embedded within it in terms of social, environmental, health, transportation and economic conditions. This review sets the scene for a case study of Ljubljana, the capital and biggest city of Slovenia, which has gone through a major socio-economic transformation from socialist to capitalist system in the last three decades. The case study shows how urban walkability was tackled by two distinctive urban planning approaches: the socialist in the 1945-1990 period and the contemporary neoliberal which started in 1991 and is ongoing. It discusses how the two different conceptual approaches to urban walkability affect the urban livability and urban justice on concrete examples in the city. It reveals how the walkability assets of the city have been (dis)encouraged in accordance with the respective socio-economic system and how this affected people’s right to use the city, and how it changed the livability of the neighbourhoods. It gives special attention to the contemporary measures as they reflect the realities of a city traversing from a socialist to a capitalist model while more or less successfully retaining the ideals of a just city via investments into the walkable public spaces. This focus brings some lessons learnt for other similar contexts around the globe where the welfare state is decreasing and the accumulation of the capital is becoming the paramount ideology. The research aims to point out the power and responsibility of urban planning as a discipline in providing the urban walkability conditions within the just city agendas. It points out the need for the planners in the transitional socio-economic contexts to develop new skills and competences to assure social and spatial cohesion as a precondition for the truly livable places.
Presenters Matej Niksic
Researcher , Urban Planning Institute Of The Republic Of Slovenia
Analysing the perceptions of the elderly on space vitality and related environmental factors based on residential communityView Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/12 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/12 11:00:00 UTC
Environmental perception of the residential community has a non-negligible impact on a healthy lifestyle for the elderly. The perceived level- and actual satisfaction- of the elderly offered by the “space vitality” of the residential community is closely related to the physical and mental health for the elderly which also largely determines their quality of life. From the perspective of urban planning, it is a crucial measure to identify and effectively regulate the critical environmental impact factors of the residential community that affect the perception and experience of the elderly, to promote the construction of the age-friendly community. This paper took Dalian, China as the research range, and took the elderly as the object of research in relation to the perception of space vitality within the residential community and its associated environment-related factors. Correlation analysis was used to identify the potential environmental factors related to the perception of space vitality by the elderly. It found that the general level of the elderly's perception of space vitality has a positive correlation with many elements of the built environment e.g., the perception of the diversity, or the landscape of leisure places, which are both related to overall spatial quality. However, it does not show a significant correlation with the social environment. Therefore, useful suggestions are made on how to improve the elderly’s perception of space vitality within the residential community, particularly in prior planning and design practice. The optimization of the spatial quality of the built environment should be the core point of concern. By optimizing the arrangement of the relevant elements of the site, the elderly’s level of perception and satisfaction with the space vitality of the residential community should improve; furthermore, the physical and mental health of the elderly will be promoted in line with their quality of life.
Presenters Hang Sui
PhD Candidate, Dalian University Of Technology
Urban morphology and behavior mapping in Abu Dhabi’s public spaces: informality as an interaction of cultural context and urban form.View Abstract
Full Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/12 09:30:00 UTC - 2019/09/12 11:00:00 UTC
Abu Dhabi’s galloping growth is shepherded by a stringent set of standards and guidelines for both the public space and the built environment. Its urban form that follows the main characteristics of most new Arab cities (automobile dependency, modernist grid and monotonous suburban sprawl) has already started gaining the attention of scholarly research. However, that research body still misses a critical analysis of the dynamic interaction between the qualitative quotidian practices and the produced urban form. Such an analysis could shed light on the relationship between socioethnic groups and urban space programming and appropriation. This paper presents findings from an ongoing research program for the search of a link between the design and use of public spaces and the surrounding urban morphologies within the diverse sociocultural context of Abu Dhabi. Fourteen public spaces of the city (both formal and informal ones) were examined in terms of their typology, functions and social profile, as well as for the correlation with their urban context and the public transportation networks. In situ methodological approaches such as behavioral mapping, impromptu discussions and photography were applied in order to shed light at the intricate particularities and qualitative properties of public spaces. The choice of those public spaces and their mapping were conducted under the prospect of comparability, either between themselves or with future studies in similar cities in the Middle East and beyond. The research program – albeit not completed yet – amplifies the importance of informality as an indicator of urban health and as a reminder of insufficient urban planning programming and urban design practices. It also underlines the importance of preserving or even pursuing informality as a catalyst of social cohesion, cultural flexibility and inclusivity. Furthermore, certain urban morphologies, more related to a higher and more organic degree of pedestrian connectivity seem to optimally contribute to a more diverse and successful public space. Future phases of the program could also reveal relations on the metropolitan scale with regards to mobility, public transportation needs, strategic approaches and the need to control urban sprawl and densities. This case study of Abu Dhabi could then become of valuable guidance on rewriting public space design manuals and on exporting urban doctrines.
Presenters Apostolos Kyriazis
Assistant Professor Of Architecture , Abu Dhabi University
Kota Kita Foundation
Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners
PhD Candidate
Tsinghua University
Urban Planning Institute of the Republic of Slovenia
PhD Candidate
Dalian University of Technology
+ 1 more speakers. View All
No moderator for this session!
Direktorat Pengendalian Pemanfaatan Ruang dan Penguasaan Tanah-Kementerian ATR
 Wara Urwasi
PhD Student
Northwestern University


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