TRACK 4: Knowledge economies and identity Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Banda B)
Sep 10, 2019 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20190910T1400 20190910T1530 Europe/Amsterdam 4.3 Historic Cities, Local Identities, and City Branding

Within this session the issues associated with managing local identities will be discussed. Topics dealt with will include both reinventing heritage as notions of local identities as well as development of interrelations between heritage and city branding. A number of issues will be discussed, including the "shared heritage" (e.g., colonial cities), non-traditional types of heritage (e.g., hydraulic infrastructure or underground built heritage) as well as interrelations between heritage and socioeconomic development. Also, the ways of using the new technologies and concepts for the purpose of shaping the modern urban development strategies will be part of the session discussion. The cases analysed will cover a wide range of locations, including China, Dubai, Indonesia, Central Asia, Iran and others.

Hotel Borobudur Jakarta (Banda B) 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Jakarta/Bogor, Indonesia congress@isocarp.org

Within this session the issues associated with managing local identities will be discussed. Topics dealt with will include both reinventing heritage as notions of local identities as well as development of interrelations between heritage and city branding. A number of issues will be discussed, including the "shared heritage" (e.g., colonial cities), non-traditional types of heritage (e.g., hydraulic infrastructure or underground built heritage) as well as interrelations between heritage and socioeconomic development. Also, the ways of using the new technologies and concepts for the purpose of shaping the modern urban development strategies will be part of the session discussion. The cases analysed will cover a wide range of locations, including China, Dubai, Indonesia, Central Asia, Iran and others.

The activation and revitalization of Yihe, NanjingView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 13:30:00 UTC
As an ancient capital of Six Dynasties, Nanjing enjoys a long history of more than 7,000 years of civilization as well as a history of nearly 2,600 years of city construction. Nowadays, as a metropolis in the Yangtze River Delta region, Nanjing also plays a significant role in the Yangtze River economic belt and the eastern coastal economic belt. Yihe historic conservation district is one of Nanjing's iconic historic spaces. Its history can be traced to” the city plan of Nanjing”, which was planned by Henry Killam Murphy in 1929 and was China's first modern urban plan. At that time, this plan presented the zoning planning concept in line with international urban planning. According to the plan, Yihe Road was zoned as the first residential area, the superior residential area. Up to now, Yihe Road continues its use as residential area. Although "the features of the Republic of China" and "historic conservation district" have become well-known "tags" of Yihe, public's perception of Yihe is still just a static piece of “urban memory”. Its precious culture, historical heritage and unique identity have not been well utilized. In order to drive Yihe’s vitality and enhance its social value, a revival plan of Yihe was conducted by Tongji urban planning & design institute in 2018, aiming at implementing three levels of revival work in the context of historic environment activation: First of all is the revival of culture. Several cultural routes were planned and a series of cultural exhibitions would be settled to excavate and expand the cultural connotation of Yihe Road. Through the modern transformation of historical resources, the urban spirit was expected to reflect on a broader level; Secondly, is the innovation of industry. Based on a research on the present resources and regional competition situations of Yihe, an industry screening was conducted and the result turned out that art finance and international platform would be the ideal leading industries of Yihe. In addition, culture exhibitions, fashion recreation, residence and other ancillary services would performant as supporting industries, driving the activation of Yihe together; After the industrial structure was determined, the next task to do was the activation of historical space. Under the premise of ensuring the conservation bottom line and the safety bottom line, how to adapt and utilize these historical spaces was well considered through analyzing different space requirements of different industries. Several revival modes were summarize respectively on the levels of architectures, courtyards and blocks. Such as the renovation of single property unit, the connection of adjacent courtyards, and the recycling of a block, etc. By protecting the heritage ontology and activating the historic space, new connotations for these historical spaces would be created while the historic culture context would be inherited. As the demands for urban renewal in metropolis are growing rapidly, revitalization planning becomes one of the most important types of planning at present. Urban revitalization often involves the conservation and the utilization of historical elements, as well as the alignment of new formats and historical spaces. This paper combs different space requirements of different industries and generalizes several modes of historical space activation, hoping to provide certain reference for other similar situations.
Presenters Luni SHEN
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co.Ltd.
Improving the identity of historic city by considering hydraulic infrastructure (the case study: Qazvin city)View Abstract
Draft Presentation 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 13:30:00 UTC
Recently the importance of maintaining of historic identity of the cities is an obvious matter in restoration of a city. Each city depends on its cultural perception and its wealth, tries to reserve and repair its cultural heritage. This matter has been done in many cities in the world and many historic urban fabrics have been restored and rehabilitated to be visited by many tourists to enjoy their atmosphere and physical and spiritual features. Iran is a country with limited underground water but in spite of this fact there are many ancient civilization and old cities with valuable urban fabrics in them which have intellectual irrigation. The water of most cities of Iran mostly harvested from underground water by a technic which is called Qanat which irrigate city and farms. Water supplement in urban fabric and locating the hydraulic structure in cities had an important effect in forming the city which this impact shouldn’t be ignored in repairing or rehabilitation of urban fabric. In the other word hydraulic infrastructure of historic cities of Iran in hot and dry region is an important factor which shouldn’t forget during planning for rehabilitation. The route of water either underground route or surface water and also hydraulic structures which have been located in the path of water should be preserved. The case study is Qazvin city which its historic hydraulic infrastructure and hydraulic structures had an important effect in forming the city.
Presenters Nasim Iranmanesh
Congress Team, Islamic Azad University
Culture capital of the Turkic WorldView Abstract
Draft Presentation 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 13:30:00 UTC
The 1001 fairy tale of the East, a cultural capital of Kazakhstan, a center of arts and festivals of Central Asia, a contemporary oasis in Syr Darya valley. There are only a few targets of urban transformation of Turkistan, the masterplan strategy designed by interdisciplinary team of Urban Sustain Architecture (Kiev) and Frame Art (Astana). Turkistan is one of the oldest cities in Kazakhstan, former capital of Kazakh khanate and religious center of Central Asia. This city plays extraordinary role in culture and history of Kazakhstan. It is Kazakh Mecca, former capital of Kazakh khanate, historical pantheon of Kazakh politics. It is also a heart of touristic region of the group of ancient cities on Syr-Darya. Here are located nearly 50 medieval cities of the ancient cultures Soghdiana, Chorasmia and Transoxiana. Kazakhstan state authorities defined key objectives of urban transformation – new administrative center and culture capital of Central Asia and the Turkic World. Turkistan is conceived deemed as a touristic attraction in a row of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva. And the city has a potential for it. Key locations for transformations are Old City with UNESCO heritage of Khawaja Akhmed Yasavi Mausoleum and new administrative district of New City. The project based on the results of field research and assessment of economy, culture, transport, environment, theatre industry of Kazakhstan, landscape and biodiversity, priorities of development and city`s stakeholders. Sustainable development of this project is impossible without: support of small and medium-sized businesses; involving of stakeholders on micro- and macro-levels; reorientation of the microeconomics to services, recycling and science-based industry; legislative and financial support of culture and development of independent creative industries. All mentioned above statements are included in the strategy core. Together with key objectives the strategy proposes scenarios for solving of ecological and urban issues of the microregion of Turkistan. Main of them are water management and water quality, salination and degradation of soils, deforestation and failure of ecosystems, waste management, Aral Sea ecological disaster. The strategy affects changes in view and structure of the historical city center (Old city district) and proposes creation of the new business and administrative center on the actual outskirts of the city (New city district). Key values: 1. Routes from the Old city to the New city and back. Pedestrian, bus and bicycle routes, trade streets and boulevards connecting Old and New city. 2. History through the centuries. Cultural and historical urban landscape as a basis for proper transformation of the city into a center of the Turkic world. 3. Attractions on every corner. Unique and diverse urban landscape formed by archeological, historical and cultural monuments, pieces of landscape and park design and contemporary architecture objects 4. Turning grey into gold. Proper transformation of urban environment, scientific recovering of the heritage objects, increasing the city`s comfortability for the citizens and tourists. 5. Highlite street edges. Well defined city structure with clear separation between public and private, street and courtyard space. 6. Unite the nature. Recovering of the rivers. Connection of the green belts into a single network of natural landscape which penetrates the entire city. 7. Bioclimate and energy. Using the local advantages of the climate for increasing of the energy security. Energy efficiency and rational usage of resourses. 8. Transportation without problems. Convenient and comfortable public transportation system which takes into account seasonal dynamics of touristic flows. Local electric transport inside the buffer zone of historical heritage area. Quick and convenient connection to the outer world 9. Sustainable implementation. Project focused on the real opportunities for development, market demand, macro- and microeconomy factors.
Presenters Alexandr Khvan
Senior Planner, Frame Art
A City Branding Framework in Planning: The Case Study of Pringsewu Lampung, IndonesiaView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 13:30:00 UTC
The city branding shows the relation of the goals of managing the city’s image that needs to be planned. The city branding is not about slogans, logos and promotional campaign, but it will be taken in practical program framework of the local development planning. The purpose of this paper is to identify an empirical city branding framework in Pringsewu, a historical area in Lampung Province, Indonesia. Then this paper will devise the strategies to increase a practical city branding. In order to determine branding tools information, a qualitative approach is used by in-depth interviews with twelve respondent was undertaken from professionals, government and citizens. Based on SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat) analysis of the qualitative data, the empirical programs of place branding in Pringsewu include slogan, logo and landmark. The research shows that it is not contained in local development policy and regional planning, there is a weakness from practical city branding. As the result, we suggest that a bottom-up approach based on local community should be taken to developing a place brand strategies. The three elements in branding strategies accepted for Pringsewu: 1) involved place branding in local development policy and regional planning, 2) building and revitalization for place branding infrastructure, 3) developing local community empowerment. A practical city branding could help a place to attract tourism, visitors, traders and investors then increase economic growth. Place marketing enables a strategic approach to public planning in collaboration with the private sector. The city branding can represent the community entity, geographical wideness, local development planning and potential resources. City branding provides a good starting point that would be the right strategies framework and practical approach for local development planning.
Presenters
CP
Citra Persada
Lecturer, University Of Lampung
Underground Built Heritage as catalyzer for Community Valorization (Underground4value)View Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 13:30:00 UTC
This paper is about how framing an innovative approach for community empowerment by organising networks and consortia for preparing proposals in different research programme frameworks. In the beginning, there was as study for classifying underground spaces and using them as a solution for a sustainable over ground urban development. By advancing in the proposals preparation, the team developed a completely different vision. The underground space was more and more seen as a place for building local identity and sense of belonging, progressing from a functional to a cultural value, from a site conservation to a community valorisation approach, by giving centrality to the people and their needs. As first step, the project faced the challenge of regenerating urban areas by realising Underground Built Heritage potential for local communities and experimenting a methodological approach on sustainability transition. Just like a story, the paper describes the evolution of the approaches, and the implementation of the activities, also if unsuccessful in the competition. The consortium grew and matured, a network based on strong analysis and revision, whose members developed an impressive social capital and learned by any failure. Piece by piece, this network was able to achieve the success, and to start a COST Action, the CA 18110 “Underground Built Heritage as catalyser for Community Valorisation”. The Action, funded for establishing and implementing an expert network, promotes balanced and sustainable approaches to preserve the Underground Built Heritage (UBH) and, at the same time, to realise the potential of the underground space in urban and rural areas for regeneration policies. The paper finally explains how a well- motivated group of people can transform a network activity, with a little budget, in a research and on field project and how such a network can provide innovative tools for engaging and empowering local communities.
Presenters Giuseppe Pace
Researcher, National Research Council Of Italy
Old Deira, Dubai: The Role of Culture, Identity and Planning in a Global CityView Abstract
Full Paper 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2019/09/10 12:00:00 UTC - 2019/09/10 13:30:00 UTC
This research project will explore the relationship between planning strategies and multi-culturalism in Old Deira, Dubai. Now an established global city that is firmly integrated in the world economy, Dubai is a salient case study to scrutinise the role of cultural diversity in the growth of this (mini) mega-city. Dubai is a strategic trade and logistics hub by virtue of its geographical location – a place where East meets West. Since the 1970s the Emirate has been very accommodating to immigrant labour, mostly from East Asia, to develop a country where locals, at around 15% of the population, are a minority. Parts of Dubai have evolved to the point where the eminent culture is far removed from the Emirati lifestyle. The best example is Old Deira, a genuine melting pot of ethnic, religious and social backgrounds. This study will focus on the area between Al Ras, Al Murar and Al Rigga. This district borders on the Dubai Creek and includes the old Gold Souk and the Spice Market. It is modern cross-roads of cultures, where people of Filipino, Indian, Pakistani, Iranian, Central Asian, Chinese and European origin live, work and play in close proximity. What planning strategies, if any, have shaped the multi-cultural identity of Old Deira, and, based on these findings, how can urban planners apply them in other global cities to promote diverse and multi-cultural neighbourhoods? An initial desk study will be conducted, followed by a site visit to Dubai in late May/early June. Spatial and GIS data (where available) will be used and complemented by primary data in the form of interviews and stakeholder engagement. Depending on availability, this will consist of local businesses, community groups and government authorities. The objective of this research is to highlight and discuss which planning mechanisms, such as strategic planning policies or zoning regulations, have enabled the development of this multi-cultural neighbourhood. In other words, the findings will illustrate if and how specific planning tools have caused certain outcomes. Through a presentation and paper, this research will start with a brief review of the history of Old Deira, tracing its evolution from a small port to a node of international commerce. Referencing the works of P. Hall and J. Nasr (particularly the former’s Cities of Tomorrow and the latter’s Urbanism: Imported or Exported?), this report will analyse and situate the growth of the district within wider urban theory. Part of this study will cover Dubai’s socio-political and religious context as well as the immigration restrictions that apply to foreign workers. Drawing on the wealth of academic work on culture and planning (S. Fanstein, P. Lysiottis and Booth et al., among others), this research will then examine the planning strategies, policy and spatial frameworks that have shaped the multi-cultural development of Old Deira. It will also investigate the strategies that are shaping the future of Old Deira, such as the Dubai 2020 Urban Master Plan. Finally, what works in Dubai may not work in Shanghai - this research will assess the transferability of these strategies for other global cities.
Presenters
PS
Peter Starr
Graduate Urban Planner, AECOM
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co.Ltd.
Congress team
,
Islamic azad university
Senior Planner
,
Frame Art
Lecturer
,
University of Lampung
Researcher
,
National Research Council of Italy
+ 1 more speakers. View All
No moderator for this session!
Head of Urban Planning Department
,
Urban Planning Agency, Libya- Partners of the UN-Habitat, Sub-Regional Maghreb Office
 Piotr Lorens
Head of the Department of Urban Design and Regional Planning
,
Gdansk University of Technology
Mr Roman  Pomazan
architect
,
Urban Sustain Architecture
Kepala Bagian Kepegawaian dan Organisasi Tata Laksana, Sekretariat BPIW
,
BPIW, Sekretariat Badan Pengembangan Infrastruktur Wilayah
Staff Unit
,
PT Jakarta Konsultindo
+7 more attendees. View All

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